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Operation Torch, D Day, And Battle Of The Bulge

2063 words - 8 pages

Throughout all of history the United States have always found themselves in the midst of a conflict between other nations. One of the more significant conflicts that the U.S. intervened in is World War II. “World War II was the largest armed conflict in human history. Ranging over six continents and all the world's oceans, the war caused an estimated 50 million military and civilian deaths, including those of 6 million Jews” (World War II 1). World War II officially began when the Germans invaded Poland on September 1, 1939. Poland was a country that was guaranteed military assistance from France and Great Britain if Germany were to attack. If Hitler were to invade Poland he would not only have to fight against the British and French, but he would also have to fight against the Soviets. Therefore, in order for Hitler to prevent fighting a two front war he needed to create an agreement between Germany and the Soviet Union. This agreement was called the Nonaggression Pact, which was agreed on August 23, 1939. This agreement stated that in the future neither country would declare war on each other. As a result of this Pact, Hitler was free to invade Poland without worrying about the Soviet Union. Subsequently, on September 3, 1939, France and Britain declared war on the Germans. This marked the beginning of World War II. However, the United States will not decide to enter into the war until December 7, 1941 when the United States is bombed at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii by the Japanese. From then on the United States would spend several years fighting until the end of the war. It would take several significant battles and operations for the war to end. Three paragons of battles and operations that played a critical part of the war are Operation Torch, D-Day and the Battle of the Bulge. The three would play an immense role in ending the war because it pushed Germany back, it acquired land from the Germans, and it was a last minute strike from Germany to change the course of the war, respectively.
Furthermore, November 8, 1942 marked the beginning of Operation Torch. Operation Torch, otherwise known as Operation Gymnast, was the British-American invasion of North Africa. Operation Torch is arguably considered the beginning of the end of Germany. According to Lieutenant Colonel Harry W. Edwards of the U.S. Marine Corps, “The American and British Governments called for the formation of a military ring around Germany to be tightened as the war progressed. The occupation of French North Africa was seen as a first step in that process.” (Edwards 1). Therefore, in order to win the war the Allies needed to surround Germany from any escape. Now how did Britain and the United States invade North Africa? The Allies would need to “seize control of the entire area of French Morocco, Algeria, and possibly Tunisia” (Edwards 1). Once the Allies landed on the beaches it “triggered the German occupation of the unoccupied zone of France and the rapid dispatch of German...

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