This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Opic: Mussolini And Fascist Italy Essay

997 words - 4 pages

Q: 'TO WHAT EXTENT DID MUSSOLINI SUCCEED IN CAPTURING THE HEARTS AND MINDS OF THE YOUNG PEOPLE IN ITALY 1924-39?'My answer:During the years 1924-9, Mussolini had worked hard to indoctrinate the young Italians with different Fascist principles. Although, from trying to achieve a new generation of people who would follow and be committed to Mussolini as 'Il Duce', with the regimes aggressive foreign policies, Mussolini had only achieved this to a certain extent. Mussolini had the understanding that Fascism depended on youthful energy and enthusiasm to both bring Mussolini to power as well that power and the predominance of Fascism throughout Italy. He influenced virtually every aspect of a young Italians life, as he changed the educational system, mounted an extreme propaganda effort, and provided youth organizations that were designed to create enthusiastic and devoted Fascist Italians.The membership of the Fascist youth organisations had increased considerably during the regime, which was helped by a 1928 decree stating that only youths who had been in the ONB were allowed to join the Fascist Party. By 1929, about sixty percent of northern youths were members, and the proportion for the south of Italy was far lower. In 1935 membership was compulsory. However, passing a law was one thing, but to ensure all youths joined was far harder.Organisation had very close ties with the school system. Teachers were urged to become ONB leaders. This close tie to schools meant that membership to the ONB was disproportionately male and middle classes, as many girls and poorer boys tended to leave school between the ages of 12-14 years, and therefore found it easier to escape the ONB system. This particularly applied to peasant children. The ONB was organised on a neighbourhood basis so there was little mixing of classes. By Mussolini concentrating on the education system, his hope of capturing the hearts and minds of the young people in Italy would be carried out in this way, educating the children around the ideas of Fascism, in hope to mould the Italian youth into a later generation of followers that would be committed to the Fascist regime, and by Mussolini carrying this various different ways, there were varying degrees of success.The strong position of Catholicism in Italy also served to limit the spread of Fascist youth movements. The Catholic schools did not properly enforce membership until the 1930s, and the Catholic Action youth organisations continued to exist, although they were not allowed to replicate key ONB activities such as sport.What is difficult to assess is the ideological impact of the Fascist youth polices, as there is some conflicting evidence that partly reflects individuals' different responses to ONB membership and activities. Some of the contemporaries complained that male youths had remained more lovers than fighters, and that there were just time-servers, and not genuine enthusiasts. During the unpopular alliance with Germany and...

Find Another Essay On Opic: Mussolini and Fascist Italy

Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany as Totalitarian Atates

1810 words - 7 pages powers are vested in an infallible leader. In Fascist Italy Mussolini was the Duce, while in Nazi Germany Hitler was the Führer. The regimes were organized in a hierarchy and headed by these all-powerful leaders. Both Mussolini and Hitler were the personification of the State. By comparison, however, Hitler was more powerful as he was the supreme head of the State. After the death of President Hindenburg in 1934, Hitler

Analyse the historical and contemporary conditions in Italy leading to a fascist government in 1922, and comment on the view that a seizure of power took place

2184 words - 9 pages business only enhanced Mussolini's rise to power - the Fascist compared to the rest of the political parties in Italy were focused and well organised.In 1922 a general strike was called, the fascist party accused the communists of attempting a revolution. This was seen by Italians as a legitimate claim, again further enhancing Mussolini's popularity, and by October 1922 Mussolini believed he was now in a position to make a move for power, fifty

Essay is about:Mussolini and Fascist Italy Q: How important were the Lateran Treaties of 1929 between the Italian State and the Papacy in consolidating Mussolini's hold on power in Italy?

1102 words - 4 pages did not progress far after that date, and the main interest switches to fascist social and economic achievements and, above all, to Mussolini's excitable and ambitious conduct of foreign policy. The Lateran Treaties had given a huge boost for Mussolini's image and popularity, and they enabled him to look popular with the Italian people, however other factors enabled Mussolini to hold on power in Italy, and this essay will illustrate these

Who Really Ruled Italy in 1926-40?

1332 words - 5 pages Mussolini is considered as one of the most important European dictators of the twenties century. If he is a dictator he would be the absolute ruler of Italy, but a man can not do everything himself. So how important were the other protagonists: the fascist party and the establishment? Their strength would be measured in power.Mussolini through his political situation was the most powerful man in Italy. He was Prime Minister and held up to 8

Benito Mussolini and Fascism

1488 words - 6 pages he was drafted in himself in 1915 (Mussolini). This led to his expulsion from the socialist party. Ready for a major change, Mussolini gathered many nationalistic groups in Italy together and formed a single organization under his leadership (Mussolini). Rising to power in the wake of the Great War, Benito Mussolini was a violent, military-minded dictator who saw to the emergence of the National Fascist Party in Italy. Although he is known for

Benito Mussolini and the rise of fascism

1038 words - 4 pages Benito Mussolini and the rise of fascismBenito Mussolini was Italy's firs Fascist dictator. He had many influences in his life which contributed to his political success as a fascist dictator. Mussolini and his fascist political party believed in ruling Italy using a system of extreme right-wing dictatorial government. The Italian people were annoyed with the current government so it was a good time for Mussolini to promote his political views

Totalitarianism of Fascist Italy

1027 words - 5 pages Although the Fascist state in Italy founded by Benito Mussolini has totalitarian qualities, it is not necessarily a totalitarian government. The government in which Mussolini helped established was relatively dissimilar to the totalitarian model. Where the difference lies is within the premise regarding the idea of the State, which is a centralized district in which its populous is completely subservient. Fascist Italy was

Benito Mussolini’s Impact on the World

1666 words - 7 pages immaturely before Italy’s army was prepared to battle and his lack of manufacturing military supplies was horrendous disaster (http://www.history.com). It was a recorded fact that the United States could produce more planes in one week than Italy could in an entire year ("9 things you didn't know about Mussolini."). Mussolini pulled his beloved country out of massive debt, inflation, and depression once his fascist policies took effect. As Italy’s

The Rise and Fall of Mussolini

1558 words - 7 pages Throughout the course of history, there have always been people obsessed with power. This goes without say for the man that was called “Il Duce,” or “The Boss.” Benito Mussolini ruled Italy with an iron fist and to him the only thing that mattered to him was power. His dream had been to restore the glory of the Ancient Roman Empire to Italy, but he only accomplished the opposite. His Fascist and selfish views brought not only the destruction of

Benito Mussolini

1756 words - 7 pages a proud leader of the Soverign Military Order of Malta and the Order of the Tower and Sword (Facts). And in 1910 he became editor of the socialist newspaper “Avanti” (Rise). Mussolini’s rise of power was rapid. Mussolini was known as “IL DUCE” the prime minister of Italy and an Axis European political leader (World). In 1903, he became a communist and read Nietzche as well as Marx (Rise). Moreover, in 1914 he founded the newspaper “Popolo

Italy in World War II

1202 words - 5 pages Italy in World War II World War II, which only lasted about five years, changed the course of history forever, and affected millions of lives. Among the major nations that were involved in the war, Benito Mussolini and his Italian army sought to settle their differences with many nations. Benito’s fascist views, his idea of a nation built by one race, and his relationship with Adolf Hitler ultimately led to his involvement in the war. His

Similar Essays

Mussolini And Fascist Italy Essay

1185 words - 5 pages tradition of Garibaldi, and seize power. They drew up plans. First the Fascist squads were to seize public buildings in northern and central Italy. Others, led by 'Quadrumvirs', were to assemble outside Rome on the 27th October, ready to march into the city the next day. From the statement below it shows how Mussolini used violence and intimidation for the success of Fascism; 'Either the government will be given to us or we shall take it, descending

Essay About: Mussolini And Fascist Italy Undoubtedly A Dictatorship, But Nevertheless, Popular With The Italian People."

2028 words - 9 pages , and was the first step towards creating a fascist dictatorship, as it shows his ideas and ways in which he worked, which is an introduction to him becoming a dictator, that enabled him to gain widespread support and shows how Mussolini used manipulation and intimidation to further his dictatorial powers.A weakness in Mussolini's career was the Matteotti Crisis, which turned the Italian people against him. The brutal murder of Matteotti did not

Topic:Mussolini And Fascist Italy Essay

868 words - 3 pages " Mussolini successfully established a totalitarian dictatorship in Italy."Q: How far do you agree with this statement about Italian politics in 1924-39?My answer:In the twentieth century, both Communist and Fascist states had been defined as being 'Totalitarian'. During the 1930's this was usually to distinguish the parties clearly from democracies, like Britain and France, and then once the Second World War had ended, to distinguish the Soviet

The Rise And Fall Nazi Germany And Fascist Italy

1163 words - 5 pages ) are similar in many ways. In Italy, as violence rampantly swept the country and was about to enter into civil war, King Victor Emmanuel III asked Mussolini to become Prime Minister and establish order throughout the nation. Within the next few years, by eliminating all other political parties, Mussolini concentrated power to form a fascist totalitarian government. In Germany, with political strife rampant and widespread belief among the citizens