Over the years, oral surgery has helped improve oral health throughout the communities in the world. It is important to know how oral surgery became what it is today. When you think of oral surgery the first things that pop in your head is pain, anesthesia, hospital settings and the recovery, but as you know more about it, it is not really that bad as you may think. For example a simple wisdom tooth extraction is a procedure of oral surgery. It mostly treats problems with your jaw or any damage to your mouth.
You may be surprised to know that historians have discovered writings from Hippocrates and Aristotle that talked about an extraction and wired up jaws. Later in 1210 CE in France there were some barbers that did oral surgeries but they were divided in two groups because each group did different surgeries. But one group was more advanced than the other so this group is known as the first organization of surgeons. Even though dentistry was already being practiced in 7000 BC, according to historians the real discovery of surgery was in 500-300 BCE. But there were already attempts of oral surgery by the ancient Egyptians and Greco-Romans.
During the Middle Ages (14th century) there were no dentists"History of Oral Surgery, Wagner Oral Surgery and Dental Implant Specialists (October 1, 2013). Instead, there were dentists who performed oral surgery. There was not really any school or right way to do this at this time; instead the surgeons passed the information that they knew to whoever had the aptitude or skills to do it. They were usually scientists that knew about diseases. During that time there were no preventive measures. Usually to solve any problem in the oral cavity was to extract the tooth that was causing the pain. This was usually done to stop that feeling of pain that the patient felt. A forcep-like device was used. Anesthesia was absent and the only way to reduce the pain was trough the consumption of alcohol. Needless to say that time was full of discoveries.
The three most important people in the field of oral surgery were Pierre Fauchard, James E. Garretson and Ambrose Pare. Pierre Fauchard was an oral surgeon and wrote a treatise called “The Surgeon Dentist”. His book included basic anatomy of the mouth and surgery techniques. In 1575, Ambrose Pare also known the father of surgery published a book called Complete Works and it contains information on tooth extraction and treatments of tooth decay and jaw fractures. James E. Garretson is generally recognized as “The Father of Oral Surgery”. He published a book called A System of Oral Surgery. The book had six editions. This book was the first American text talking about this topic. He was also a teacher and at that time there were responsible for the two branches that were medical and dentistry because at that time they needed to hold both degrees. Neither medical nor dentistry alone was considered oral surgery.
The Industrial Revolution brought about new advancements to the...