With any organization, there has to be a set of guidelines and policies that give a general idea regarding goals the organization are trying to reach. For example, the military is made up of four major components: Army, Air Force, Marines, and Navy. Although each component is different and have their own rules specific to that branch, they share the common goal of protecting America from those who wish to cause harm to its citizens. Without the guidelines, these organizations would not be able to function properly, and would be susceptible to complaints. Like the military, police organizations are set up in a similar way. Local, state, and federal agencies share the common goal in protecting citizens from criminal trauma as well as providing a safe environment for citizens. However, each level has its own set of guidelines and rules to follow.
Local policing agencies consists of three levels: county sheriff, county police, and municipal police. Policing at the local level are mostly found in rural areas as well as smaller cities. These agencies deal with minor crimes such as speeding and crimes that are non-violent. If the department experience criminal activity that is above its level, the department can reach out to state and federal departments for assistance. An important aspect of the local police is the use of civilians in the work place. The civilians are not necessarily police officers. However, these volunteers can help in various areas of the police department such as dispatchers and technicians to give officers more time in the field.
Policing on a state level is not much different from the local level. If local agencies cannot handle a situation, the agency can ask for help from the state police. This can include investigations and emergencies that local police do not have the proper resources for. The state level agencies consists of the state police, highway patrol, and state investigative agencies. Many people are familiar with the state level police because it is those officers who regulate traffic. These officers can enforce all traffic laws but only under their jurisdiction. Say for instance a person is on highway I-20 in Augusta, Georgia doing about 10-12 miles over the speed limit. An Aiken (South Carolina) state patrol officer passes the person but does not stop the individual for speeding. The reason behind it is the officer is out of his or her jurisdiction but the officer could probably notify local police of the speeder.
Federal policing agencies work on a much larger scale concerning protecting citizens from offenders. Like the local and state agencies, federal police agencies have different departments such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) which most people are familiar with. Even though these agencies work on a federal level, the federal agencies can assist local and state departments when needed and vice versa. Although there is not a strict rank structure like local and state agencies,...