Order Versus Chaos In Lord Of The Flies

1556 words - 7 pages

“Ralph wept for the end of innocence, the darkness of man’s heart, and the fall through the air of a true, wise friend called Piggy” (Golding 225). In William Golding’s Lord of the Flies, he uses the theme of order versus chaos to show that good has the capacity to become evil. It starts with the boys’ beginnings on the island, to the breakdown of their society, to the tragedies that unfold their civilization. The boys are victims of a deteriorating civilization that turns them into ruthless and more animalistic characters without any law, order or control.

The boys’ beginning on the island starts with a very positive and playful atmosphere. To begin, Ralph and Piggy ...view middle of the document...

No one is arguing with each other and they eagerly begin to take action for their job. When the electing is over, “Jack and Ralph smiled at each other with shy liking” (Golding 20). Next, the boys always laugh and play with each other. There is never a moment when the boys do not laugh and are not happy. The children do not know that there is hardly a chance for them to be rescued, so they play and laugh to keep them happy. Next, the boys’ arguments are very minimal if any which is good if they want to stay together for long. They do not have time to fight when they always play and laugh. They seem to enjoy their time on the island. “Ralph lolled in the water, sleep enveloped him like the swathing mirages that were wrestling with the brilliance of the lagoon” (Golding 9). Finally, the atmosphere on the island is always being great and happy. The butterflies continue to dance around throughout. The mood would be quite different if the boys always fight. In conclusion, the boys’ beginnings on the island start very relaxed and controlled between everybody.

The breakdown of the boys’ society occurs when Jack and his hunters do not help what so ever. They just hunt and argue with the others. Firstly, Jack is the one to prove that their civilization is about to crash and deteriorate by being obsessed with a pig that he sees and wants to kill. He cannot get himself to eliminate it because he is still sane enough and controlled by the boundaries of society. After the pig gets away, he vows to murder the next pig he finds. As time advances, he and his hunters finally find and slaughter a pig. The kill is so intense for them that they forget about the signal fire that they

should be looking after. The fire goes out while they are gone and they miss their chance of being rescued as a ship passes down the horizon. Ralph is furious at Jack and his hunters but they do not care. Ralph says, “I was chief; and yet you were going to do what I said. You talk. But you can’t even build huts- then you go off hunting and let out the fire” (Golding 74). After Ralph and Piggy confront Jack, he smacks Piggy’s head and calls him a fatty, as his glasses fall and break. This occurrence causes problems between Jack and them. Next, Jack and his hunters become much more savage. They first wear war paint on their faces and eventually start hunting fully naked. They also ritualistically act out a hunt on Robert and nearly beat him to death. Their most brutal hunt to date is when they kill the mother sow. Once they slow her down enough to take action, they stab her many times and ignore her screams and squeals as Jack slits her throat, guts her, and sticks her head on a staff as a sacrificial offer to the beast that they think exists. This situation proves the progression from happy to evil by all the savage acts that would not have happen before the plane crash.

The tragedies that unfold their civilization occur when they brutally...

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