This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Orem’s Self Care Deficit Theory And Its Application In Practice

1080 words - 4 pages

One of the theories of nursing is Dorothea Orem’s self-care theory, also called the self-care deficit theory. Nursing theories are important for several reasons. The profession is strengthened when knowledge is built on sound theory (Black, 2014). Theory is important for reasoning, thinking, decision-making, and supporting excellence in practice (Black, 2014). Dorothea Orem’s theory is a conceptual model that provides a structure for critical thinking in the nursing process (Black, 2014). A conceptual model provides a comprehensive and holistic perspective of nursing (Black, 2014). Orem published her theory in 1959 and continued to develop her model, eventually formalizing three interrelated theories: theory of self-care, theory of self-care deficit, and theory of nursing system (Black, 2014). The focus of Orem’s model is the patient’s self-care capacity. The process helps to design a nursing process specific to each patient that will provide for the self-care deficit of the patient (Black, 2014). Self-care deficits exist when the patient has limitations and the self-care requirement is greater than he patient’s capacity (Manzini & Simonetti, 2009).
Orem’s theory is based on self-care requisites, which are basic needs of individuals at all stages of life. The ability or lack of ability of a patient to provide these self-care requisites for himself determines the self-care deficit (Black, 2014). The ability of a patient to provide his own self-care is dependent on factors such as age, gender, current state of health, and sociocultural factors (Caetano & Pagliuca, 2006). The self-care deficit Is then used to design a nursing plan that meets the patients’ needs (Black, 2014). Self-care requisites can be divided into three categories: universal, developmental, and health deviation self care requisites (Gonzalo, 2011). The universal self-care requisites that Orem based her model on are air, water, food, elimination, balance of activity and rest, balance of social interaction and solitude, human well-being, and normalcy (Gonzalo, 2011). Developmental self-care requisites are associated with adjusting to change. Health deviation requisites deal with the demands of an illness (Gonzalo, 2011).
Orem’s self-care requisites can all be evaluated in a general health assessment (currentnursing.com, 2011). Air can be assessed by outward appearance, lab tests, knowing any history of respiratory disease, and determining if the patient is a smoker. Water can be assessed by skin turgor, presence of edema, input and output measurements, Food can be assessed by a dietary history, weight gain or loss, and bowel habits. Elimination can be assessed by pattern, bowel sounds, dietary habits, and any chronic conditions. Asking about activity, assessing gait and muscle tone, and assessing sleep patterns and neurological function can determine activity and rest. Solitude and social interaction can be determined by asking if the patient lives alone, if the patient has any...

Find Another Essay On Orem’s Self Care Deficit Theory and its Application in Practice

Management Theory, Practice and Application MGT/330

1311 words - 5 pages opportunities. This means that rapid changes in products and product management have allowed HP to be one of the top competitors in the computer industry. Providing new products and services to all its customers, HP's product managers invest in the future. If change is the only constant, planning for change is imperative. Businesses that design themselves to adapt to opportunities and hazards regardless of scope or scale build a strong foundation for

Theory of Caregiver Stress and its Practice in Nursing

1386 words - 6 pages Theory of Caregiver Stress and its Practice in Nursing Primary caregivers are given an opportunity to take care of their loved ones; however, this job comes with a lot of stress and its consequences (Tsai, 2003). Primary caregivers take care of those with a chronic illness such as a family member or friend, are given a task that is so immense that it induces a lot of stress. In the previous decades, many research articles have developed

Virginia Henderson’s Concepts of Nursing and its Application to Practice

1603 words - 6 pages The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the key points of Virginia Henderson’s theory “Concepts of Nursing” (CON) and its application in practice using specific examples. Henderson’s CON is a grand theory written in 1978. (Waller-Wise, 2013) The CON theory provides a definition of nursing care, responsibilities and a focus on specific areas where nursing care is required. (Waller-Wise, 2013) As Henderson (1978) writes, “Nursing is primarily

Future of Management Management: Theory, Practice & Application

1280 words - 5 pages affect how management must perform. The four functions of management will always depend on the needs of the organization to achieve their mission or objective. As change occurs, as it always has and always will, so must all aspects of business development.ReferencesDessler, Gary. University of Phoenix. (Ed.) (2003). Management: Theory, Practice, and Application [University of Phoenix Custom Edition e-text]. Boston: Pearson Custom Publishing.Reh, F

An Analysis of the Relationship between Theory and Practice in Nursing Assessment in the Delivery of Patient-Centred Care

2317 words - 10 pages In this essay I will be exploring the relationship between nursing theory and practice in patient assessment. I will analyse the activities of daily living section (Appendix 1) of the combined nursing assessment tool and look at how it facilitates patient centred care. I decided to focus my essay on this after working on a ward on placement where it was routine to complete a Combined Nursing Assessment within four hours of any patient arriving

Dorothea Orem's Self Care Nursing Theory Analysis

1813 words - 7 pages Dorothea Orem's Self Care Nursing Theory Analysis The grand theory to be analyzed in this paper is Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory (SCDNT). The method used to analyze Dorothea Orem’s theory is Walker and Avant Theory Analysis (WAT). Theory analysis is a process of evaluating a nursing theory. The WAT is comprised of seven steps. The steps are defining the origins, meaning, logic, usefulness, details, structure and testability of the

Functions of Management/Delegation Paper University of Phoenix Management: Theory, Practice, and Application MGT 330

754 words - 3 pages Health System, which is a member of Iowa Health System. It is a community based organization of physicians, hospitals, and clinics that supports the provision of health care and health sciences education. (Trinityqc.com). Joanne Cunningham, MSEd, is the director of Student Services at Trinity College of Nursing and Health Sciences in Rock Island, Illinois and I had a chance to sit down and talk with her about how she delegates various tasks in

Examine the view that marketing theory and concepts portrayed in the traditional marketing literature have only limited application in guiding small business marketing practice

1689 words - 7 pages Every business wither it's small or big, aim to meet the needs of their actual and potential customers. In order for them to do this, they need to follow some sort of theory and concept. This assignment will be looking at the marketing theory and marketing concepts which are portrayed in the traditional marketing literature, and how they have limited application in guiding small business marketing practice.Marketing plays a vital role not only

Concept Analysis on Self-care: Orem´s Theory on Nursing

1659 words - 7 pages the concept, and define empirical references of the concept (Walker & Avant 1995) I chose to do a concept analysis on ‘Self-Care.’ The nursing theory that uses this concept is Orem’s theory of nursing. This theory is a grand theory and consists of three minor interrelated theories; self-care, self-care deficit, and nursing systems. (Parker & Smith 2010). Orem defines self-care as when an individual initiates activities and performs to

Ways in which an organisation can manage its human resources in a more cost-effective way. Illustrate your writing with recent real-world examples, clear links between theory and practice

5007 words - 20 pages assignment aims to examine ways in which an organisation can manage its personnel in a cost effective way with real-world examples.2.0 Individuals, Group Dynamics and LeadershipMaximisation of individuals' performance and productivity is a main objective for many organisations, there must be a match between the individual and the organisation, without one will result in poor performance and possible loss of the employee. Individual differences will

Management: Theory, Practice, and Application - MGT 330 - The Four Functions of Management

702 words - 3 pages Management plays a key role in the success or failure of a business. An adept manager will utilize the four functions of management, planning, organizing, leading, and controlling to the best of his or her ability. In my position as an executive assistant at Hewlett-Packard, it is vital that I use each of these skills to the best of my ability.The first function of management is planning. In our text, Management: The new Competitive Landscape

Similar Essays

Dorothea Orem's Self Care Deficit Theory Essay

1050 words - 4 pages the client (2009). As stated earlier, Orem first began resonating her self-care deficit theory in her book Nursing: Concepts of Practice. After looking into her theory and the purpose she brings along with it, it can still be applied in today’s world of nursing. When looking at the application of Orem’s theory, it is typically in the field of rehabilitation nursing. This field assumes people are able to handle their own care and pushing them

Management Theory, Practice, And Application Essay

1087 words - 4 pages In the five weeks of this class, we were studying Management-Theory, Practice, and Application. And in the five weeks, the terms that I am picking for this essay are a specific term, and these terms are environment of management, planning, organizing, leading, and controlling.I will minimally break down the terms that I have picked and studied for each week and explained how it relates to my job at Comcast at the end of this essay.In week one

Delegation: Theory, Practice And Application Essay

1385 words - 6 pages will increase job performance and in this case the child will succeed in a safe and informational learning environment. Proper skills in delegating will also increase communication as well as a motivated and dedicated staff.References:Bateman-Snell, (2003) Management: The New Competitive Landscape, Sixth Edition[University of Phoenix Custom Edition e-text]. The McGraw-Hill Companies.Dessler, Gary; Management Theory, Practice, and Application, taken from ManagementLeading People and Organizations in the 21st Century, Second Edition.

Leadership Processes Management: Theory, Practice And Application

3823 words - 15 pages leader. The training classes will only improve the leadership skills and the managers can in return train the supervisors and employees with the information they have learned.Another way to increase leadership performance would be to offer incentives. Employees boost their self-esteem through acknowledgment. When incentives are offered for outstanding leadership, the employees are motivated to perform as a leader and receive acknowledgement for