A Solution for Organs Transplantation
None of countries in the world allow selling human organs because it is against humane to put human bodily parts on the market. Patients with failure organs will have their name on the waiting list of donated organ three to five year, or wish their luck. In addition, candidates have to suffer pain and many side effects that causes by organs failure; they cannot wait five years for a new organ, such as kidney. Organs fail more quickly in patients who wait three years for a transplant versus patient who receive one immediately. According to Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN) data as of 21 February 2014, the people on waiting list candidates are 121,342. The transplants performed from January to November 2013: 26,517. Only 25 percent can have transplant operation to survive. Moreover, number of organ failure patients will die every day and more than 10.000 patients join the waiting list every year. In fact, donated organs cannot catch the high demand. The prospects are grim for people in need of organ transplants. However, the shortage of donate organs will make desperate people turn to the black market to purchase organs. It leads to many crime scenes and unethical methods to chasing the organ demand. The creation of a regular market for the buying and selling human organs would increase the number of donated organs and save countless lives, thus benefitting society.
As long as transplantation has existed, paying live organ donors have been debated about ethical and legal. In the United State, the National Organ Transplant Act (NOTA) states that anybody who has known as trading, acquire, receiving or transferring human organ will be fine more than $50.000, or imprisoned more than five years or both. Since the number of candidates are increasing every years, patients’ demand relies only on organs being donated by family members or other altruistic individuals. In the other words, they to depends on hope that a random match can be found for their need (Monti.) Furthermore, the rising of organ black market has become issues in many developed countries when thousands of desperately ill people need for transplants in order to survive. Criminal take opportunity to make a huge profits by forcing poor people to sell their organ and even harvest it more than the number of needy on the market. Many cases have been exposed over the world, such as China, India, and Israel, but the organized crime activity will continue as long as the shortage of legally donated organs (Smith, Krasnolutska, GLovin). Stories have been told, written and filmed, but none of solution has been made.
More than 75 percent patients with organ failure have waited at least three years because of the policy of United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS). They could not hold on their status for long. For example, following Jennifer Monti research, a patient with liver failure has elevated levels of toxin in their blood. They will...