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Organic Farming Versus Industrial Farming Essay

1377 words - 6 pages

Organic food and organic farming become a pop issue in today’s society. People begin to concern which kind of food is better for their health and which farming method is better for the environment. Most mothers will select food carefully and buy foods with the organic label when they are shopping in the supermarket, because they think organic food is better for their family’s health. But what is the difference between the “organic farming” and “industrial farming”? In the definition, organic farming is a form of agriculture that “relies on techniques such as crop rotation, green manure, compost and biological pest control.” Compare with organic farming, industrial farming will use more chemicals. Is organic farming better than industrial farming? This controversial issue has aroused wide public concern and heated discussions. From my deeper research in this area, I get a new understanding of the relationship between organic farming and industrial farming. Organic farming and industrial farming both have benefits and drawbacks, the best way to produce food is combining the organic farming with the industrial farming.
In Richard Schiffman’s article, he deems that industrial farming has a serious drawbacks: industrial farming will impact the environment and people’s health. Schiffman is a writer and a former environmental freelance journalist whose work has appeared in the Washington Post. Schiffman states industrial is easy to pollute the water because industrial farming need to uses a plethora of chemicals. He thinks industrial agriculture is productive and can deliver more massive quantities of food but it is depend on “standardized applications of toxic chemicals and petroleum-based fertilizers"(2) It will pollutes the food and influence people’s health. They even pollute the food, making it poisonous and making people sick. This is the reason why Richard Schiffman deems organic farming is better.
Richard Schiffman also refutes the supporter of modern industrial agriculture who states that industrial farming is “more affordable to provide the entire population with mass-produced food”. Richard thinks we should evaluate the real full cost. “Farming machinery and petroleum-based chemicals require huge amounts of fossil fuels. Industrial farming depletes the soil of nutrients, and uses water less efficiently than organic methods” (2). “Toxic pesticides and herbicides harm pollinators and pollute the groundwater” (3). People need to consider all of those factors when talking about the efficiency of our dominant agricultural system. It is not really cheap if judged by the full environmental and health costs
Steven Shapin presents his opinion about the drawback of organic farming in the article Organic Food and Farming Has Drawbacks. Shapin is a famous historian and a sociologist of science, he is the Franklin L. Ford Professor of the History of Science at Harvard. Shapin said “organic does not mean local and may not...

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