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Organisations Are Socially Constructed Phenomena Essay

2285 words - 9 pages

Organizations are instruments created to achieve other ends. The word organization which is derived from the Greek word ‘organon’ means a tool or instrument. Therefore, ideas such as tasks, goals, aims and objectives have become such fundamental organizational concepts. Organizations are a complex and paradoxical phenomena and there may be challenges in understanding them. Metaphor is a primal force through which humans create meaning by using one element of experience to understand another. The use of different metaphors lead to different explanations and theories of organizations helps us to think and see organizations from different perspectives. Each provides a certain view of the organization and can be convincing but it does not provide a clear picture of an organization. Therefore, by exploring the implications of different metaphors it is possible to understand the nature of an organization.
Machines have become a very important part of our lives and have influenced every aspect of our day-to-day activities. In a machine every part plays a clearly defined role and works together without any rest in order for it to function. This image of an organization that works like a machine makes me think of an organization as a machine. I see employees of the organization working carefully on their assigned task, allowing the next person to continue the work. Many of the organizations today can be seen or are expected to operate in a mechanical way. Image of an organization as a machine makes me think of the timing system as well. Machines are expected to perform a task in a certain amount of time without any failure leading to increase in production. Organizations have adopted this system expecting their workers to do the work as fast as possible without any mistakes and get the work done on/before time. In many organizations we are expected to arrive at work on a given time, perform the assigned tasks, take break at allotted hours and then continue tasks till work is over. For example, if you observe the Library staff working in Birmingham City University it can be noticed that they carry out the same tasks daily. For instance ‘Pages’ are usually responsible for putting returned books and other items in their proper places on the shelves. They are also responsible for keeping items in the right order . Machines perform the job according to set of guidelines just the way employees are trained to perform jobs that are assigned to them. Machines are monitored to check if they are functioning accordingly and do not break down. Examples of organizations that function according to similar principles are fast-food restaurants such as KFC, McDonalds and service organizations, where every action is preplanned, even when there is personal interaction with others. Employees are trained according to a set of instructions and are monitored in their performance. Employee performance is monitored through observation checklist which indicates the degree to...

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