Organizational Behavior. In Studying Motivation We Are Interested In Understanding Why People Choose To Do Certain Things Rather Than Others,And Also Why Different People Put Different Amounts Of Effort Or Intensity Into The Activities They Engage In.

3051 words - 12 pages

Contents:Introduction to Organizational Behavior pag 2Motivation pag 4Conclusions pag 13References pag 14Organizational behavior: Motivation1. Introduction to Organizational Behavior:Organizational behavior is the study and application of knowledge about how people act within organizations. It is a human tool for human benefit. It applies broadly to the behavior of people in all types of organizations, such as bussines, government, schools, and service organizations. Wherever organizations are, there is a need t ounderstand organizational behavior.The key elements in organizational behavior are people, structure, technology, and the environment in which the organization operates. When people join together in an organization to accomplish an objective, some kind of structure is required. People also use technology to help get the job done, so there is an interaction of people, structure, and technology. Each of the four elements of organizational behavior will be considered briefly.Key elements in organizational behaviorPeople make up the internal social system of the organization. They consist of individuals and groups, and large groups as well as small ones. There are unofficial, informal groups and more official, formal ones. Groups are dynamic. The human organization today is not the same as it was yesterday, or the day before. People are the living, thinking, feeling beings who created the organization to achieve their objectives. Organizations exist to serve people, rather than people existing to serve organizations.Structure defines the official relationships of the people in organizations. Different jobs are required to accomplish all of an organization's activities. There are managers and employees, accountants and assemblers. These people have to be related in some structural wayso that their work can be effective. These relationships create complex problems of cooperation, negotiation, and decision making.Technology provides the resources with which people work and affects the tasks that they perform. They cannot accomplish much with their bare hands, so they build buildings, design machines, create work processes, and assemble resources. The great benefit of technology is that it allows people to do more and better work, but it also restricts people in various ways. It has costs as well as benefits.Environment. All arganizations operate within an external environment. A single organization does not exist alone. It is part of a larger system that contains many other elements, such as government, the family, and other organizations. All of these mutually influence each other in a complex system that becomes the lifestyle of a group of people. Individual organizations, such as a factory ar a school, cannot escape being influenced by this external environment.From the administrative point of view, managers apply organizational behavior to build a climate in which people are motivated to work together and to become more effective persons....

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