Organizational Theory Of Behavior Of Frederick Taylor, Max Weber, And Henri Fayol

1025 words - 4 pages

Organizational Theory and Behavior: Frederick Taylor, Max Weber, and Henri Fayol
Since its emergence as a field of study, there have been some important contributions to public administration. Its goal has always been to improve productivity which then improves workplace performance. All of the contributions have been aimed at completing the work with the highest level of efficiency and at the lowest cost.
Public administration disciples have sought to find the best way to rid organizations of inefficiency and waste. This led to changes to the very foundations of management and motivation theories. To increase efficiency, Max Weber and Frederick Taylor made changes to the process and the rules; while Henri Fayol fixated on the human element. While Weber, Taylor, and Fayol all sought to enhance workplace operations, they differ in their assessments of what and/or who could be the catalyst for this change.
Frederick Taylor thought that changes in the work process and/or rules would advance efficiency and productivity. He originated the scientific management approach in public administration. It was based on the idea that work processes should be observed via experiments which would greatly improve productivity. It would do so by doing away with the rule of thumb work methods and replacing them with the results of actual timed observations (14). The application of the scientific approach to management methods would lead to optimizing task time by simplifying the job. It would mean observing work processes to find the one best way to perform each job (15). Once the best way was discovered, all employees were to use it. The simplification of the job would improve task time. This method would lead to increased productivity, higher wages, and better working conditions. It could also make people experts in their jobs. In essence, Taylor believed management improvements happened from the bottom up. In his system, the employee was the starting point. Therefore, educate the worker first on how to improve work processes which would then travel up to management. The workers and management would share the workload with management executing the science and the workers performing the labor. Taylor believed that this division of labor was the best method to increase both efficiency and productivity (148).
Like Taylor, Max Weber thought that changes in the rules and/or work processes would affect change more readily than the human element. Weber focused on bureaucracy in business but followed Taylor’s scientific management concepts. He agreed with Taylor’s thoughts on standardization and an established chain of command. Weber favored close supervision and uniformity. Weber also supported Taylor’s theory that division of labor and specialization were important to increasing efficiency. Weber believed that tasks must be broken down into the smallest subset of tasks possible. This would increase efficiency and reduce training for new workers. Weber’s focus was on...

Find Another Essay On Organizational Theory of Behavior of Frederick Taylor, Max Weber, and Henri Fayol

Max Weber and McDonalds Essay

1445 words - 6 pages With the rapid growth of globalization and economy of world progresses rapidly, the implementation of bureaucracy has a very important role in the development of organisation and management. This study introduces Max Weber and his theory of bureaucracy. The term 'bureaucracy' was first introduced by the Max Weber. Max Weber is known as one of the founders of modern sociology, but Weber also accomplished much economic work in the style of the

Bureaucracy theory of Weber Essay

1308 words - 5 pages progress of the program. The type of everyday life is not suit with this framework.Scientific management theory of TaylorScientific management, developed by Taylor, has had a great influence on factory, business and office management practice. Scientific management may be summarized as:Establish a science way to increased work efficiency;Co-operation between worker and management;The training of worker to his greatest efficiency;Choose the best

Max, Durkheim And Weber

1753 words - 7 pages approaches has been highlighted but, it is the differences between them that are the most significant. As concluded in Ian McIntosh's "˜Classical sociological theory', " It seems clear,.....much of MWD (Marx, Weber and Durkheim) wrote still has a great contemporary relevance.

Biography of Frederick Winslow Taylor

1932 words - 8 pages Management. He is one of the few - very few - creative geniuses of our times."(Ida M. Tarbell Saturday Review of Literature, October 25, 1924).(Farnham, Alan (1997, July 21) Smart Managing/Books: The Man Who Changed Work Forever With Stopwatch In Hand. Fortune, p. 114.)Bibliography:(Management 6th edition, by Stephen P. Robbins, Mary Coulter, Chapter 1, Page 41 and 42).Wrege, Charles D. and Greenwood, Ronald G. "Organization Theory and Frederick Taylor

Principles of Frederick W. Taylor

1283 words - 5 pages Background of Frederick W. Taylor Frederick W Taylor was an American inventor and engineer, considered the father of "scientific management". Although born to a wealthy family, Taylor began his work life when he signed on as an apprentice at a small Philadelphia pump works. Four years later, at a plant in Midvale, he developed the basic elements of what later came to be known as "scientific management" - the breakdown of work tasks into

Frederick Taylor and Management

2543 words - 10 pages machines (Thompson, 1914) forced to carry out monotonous motions everyday. This one right way theory is at odds with modern practices (Unknown, 2010). This type of bureaucracy can be stifling, repressing creativity in the workers. This desire to put order on processes can be seen as the ‘irrationality of rationality’ according to Max Weber, as workers begin to feel dehumanised and trapped in an ‘iron

Explain how the managerial ideas of Taylor and Fayol differ from Mayo. Assess the relevance of Classical Management theorists to the management of contemporary organisations

1310 words - 5 pages "Classical Management" comprises three different approaches:- Scientific Management (associated with the work of F W Taylor);- Bureaucratic Management (hierarchical structure associated with the work of M Weber);- Administrative Management (associated with the work of H Fayol).The "Human Relations" approach is associated with the work of E Mayo and F Roethlisberger. Immediately, we can see a difference between the ideas of Taylor and Fayol and

Analysis of Max Weber's Theory of Capitalism

949 words - 4 pages Analysis of Max Weber's Theory of Capitalism Max Weber’s original theory on the rise of Capitalism in Western Europe has been an often studied theory. In its relationship to Protestantism, specifically Calvinism, Weber’s theory has been in scholarly debate since it’s release in 1904. “The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism” puts forth not capitalism as an institute, but as the precursor to the historical origins of capitalism

Frederick Taylor Published The Principles of Scientific Management

870 words - 3 pages motivation and behavior. Specifically, Mayo conducted the Hawthorne Studies, observing employees’ motivation when changing factors like lighting. Ultimately, he concluded that communication and not external factors was the greatest motivation. The study and movement changed public administration, introducing the concept of the individual within the workforce. Max Weber Weber published his masterpiece Economy and Society in 1922, introducing many

Importance of Organizational Behavior

1003 words - 4 pages Importance of Organizational Behavior Organizational Behavior The environment of business is always changing. With increases in workload and responsibilities, managers have found that their importance in the work environment has also increased. In order to help managers and supervisors learn more about the complexity of the new workforce many different areas of study have been developed. One area of study that has increased in

Key Concepts and Terms of Organizational Behavior

977 words - 4 pages organizational behavior, and each are much more complicated than they seem. They include organizational behavior, organizational culture, diversity, communication, organizational effectiveness and efficiency, and organizational learning.Organizational behavior is "the study of human behavior in organizations. It is a multidisciplinary field devoted to understanding individual and group behavior, interpersonal processes, and organizational dynamics

Similar Essays

Taylor, Fayol, Mayo And Weber Essay

3656 words - 15 pages Today’s era of business world adapts to everything new but these modern concepts are an indirect tribute to the theories produced by Taylor, Fayol, Mayo and Weber. Taylor’s Scientific management theory is one such example which has become such an important aspects of modern management that it feels unbelievable that his concepts were a part of the history. It is falsely assumed that as the society progresses, the older theories tend to lose

Similarites Between The Theories Of Max Weber And Karl Marx

1029 words - 4 pages Max Weber and Karl Marx has often been regarded as influential theorists who both analyzed in how the society is constructed in relationship to its economic conditions, more specifically on the division of labour. Both the labour and economics create a force on how societies are shaped and because of that Weber and Marx each developed a unique theory on how individuals react and how societies are formed. Many individuals say that, Marx and

Shinto And Rastafarianism In The Eyes Of Max Weber

1726 words - 7 pages Max Weber, a German sociologist, sees a religion as an agent of social change. While Emile Durkeim argued religion served to maintain social stability and harmony through the act of collective worship, Weber thought religion emerged to satisfy a social need in general. For him, a religion is shared values of any society, shaping one’s thoughts and giving people a sense of hope and something to believe in. Thus, it brings changes in social

Motivation At Hitachi Automotive Products Mgt 331: Organizational Behavior Discuss Motivational Processes Organization And Compare With Alderfer's Erg Theory

1658 words - 7 pages of ISO 9001:2000 for automotive production and relevant service parts organizations. International Standards Organization. Switzerland.University of Phoenix (Ed). (2002). Organizational behavior [University of Phoenix Custom Edition e-text]. New York: Wiley.