This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Origin Of Digital Species Essay

2264 words - 9 pages

Origin of Digital Species

Lev Manovich1 and Simon Cook2 argue that the internet and digital culture should be understood as a product of late Victorian and Modernist visual forms, but it is the goal of this paper to show that the internet and digital culture, while heavily influenced by these visual forms, is not the sole product of them, and that the time period between 1930 and the present day must also be included when analyzing the history of the internet. The best illustration of this point is the similarity and yet fundamental difference between the cinematographic experiments of the Soviet Constructivist Dziga Vertov and the modern visual jockey artists known as the “NomIg Collective”. By analyzing the art forms that exist on the internet it is possible to see how they are related to the preceding forms of art that existed in the times from which Manovich and Cook claim the internet to be a product.

Before the terms Late Victorian, Modernist and Post-modernist visual forms are used, it is important to define what is meant by each of these terms, and to explain how they are all in essence connected to each other.

During the Victorian era the world was transformed. Starting with Darwin’s theory of evolution, the world of science crecendoed into a period of rapid discovery and accelerated advancement that was previously unknown. It was out of this boom in the intellectual world that man’s desire to possess all knowledge began to seem more of an achievable goal and less like medieval lore . It was around the Victorian period that all modern forms of classification are began to expand: Encyclopedias, Dictionaries, Museums are Libraries -to name a few forms- started to grow into their modern form as common tools of classification, as opposed to their previous role of intellectual rarities.

Thus man’s desire to contain all knowledge in one place seemed to become an achievable goal, and the gathering of all manner of artifacts and trivia tidbits became a hobby which developed into an obsession for Victorians. Once all these materials were gathered it became a matter of piecing everything together into cohesive order. Diagrams quickly followed the onslaught of information that bombarded the late Victorian thinker in order to make the processing and containment of this new knowledge possible. Out of this period emerged the diagrams of Marshall , Venn , and Carroll . These diagrams became algorithmic formulas for determining or expressing information. They created a new type of picture: a picture whose purpose is no longer to be visually entertaining, but to perform a utilitarian task and to yield a product: a picture that acts as a machine.

Logical sorting was not the only use for the newly developed technological wonder of categorization. Thinkers like Galton began to use the concept of pictures as tools to experiment with the concept of quintessential characteristics of human groups . This misuse of the technology had...

Find Another Essay On Origin of Digital Species

The Origin of The Species by Charles Darwin

1295 words - 5 pages publish his own works about it so Wallace wouldn’t get credit. Without Wallace, Darwin never would have pushed himself to publish Origin of Species. Works Cited AboutDarwin.com - Evolution before Darwin. (n.d.). AboutDarwin.com - Evolution before Darwin. Retrieved April 13, 2014, from http://www.aboutdarwin.com/literature/Pre_Dar.html Darwin's Theory. (n.d.). Darwin's Theory. Retrieved April 10, 2014, from http://bioweb.cs.earlham.edu

Darwin's Simplification of Language on his On the Origin of Species

1654 words - 7 pages Darwin’s Simplification In his book, On the Origin of Species, he has written in such a way that any audience can quite simply understand and grasp his concept of evolution. Charles Darwin, a man of God and science, changed the way people see the world today. The sequence in which the chapters were published, even the language he uses can be seen as a way for others to clearly comprehend his theories. Even though Darwin did not simply disregard

Origin Of Species - Summary

605 words - 2 pages In the last chapter, Darwin sums up the general outline of his new approach to nature. He concludes that species have descended from some primordial form through natural selection, which is a long gradual process of modification. Given the production of random individual variations, and the rigid dependence of the wild organism on its environment, there must occasionally arise slight modifications of structure that are useful in the struggle for

Essentially, Darwin's 'The Origin of Species' asserts a Romantic philosophy with his notion of 'natural selection' playing the part of God

3059 words - 12 pages In acknowledgment of the universal accomplishments of Charles Robert Darwin, his noble face is printed on English ten pound note crumpled in wallets country-wide. And yet, his fantastic achievements in the field of science have always deemed him the foil of philosophy and traditional aesthetics. Contrary to this popular assumption, 'The Origin of Species' is not only a colourfully and intimately written book, with poetic flashes of feeling and

Juxtaposing Viewpoints on Genetic Species Revival

1655 words - 7 pages Darwin, Charles, and David Quammen. On the Origin of Species. New York: Sterling, ! ! 2008. Print.! Leakey, Richard E., and Roger Lewin. The Sixth Extinction: Biodiversity and Its ! ! ! Survival. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1996. Print.! "Marcus Tullius Cicero Quotes." Marcus Tullius Cicero. European Graduate School ! ! EGS, 2014. Web. 16 Mar. 2014.! Parry, Roland L. "Ancient Beasts Roam Spain's Wilderness." NewsDaily.com. Agence ! ! France

Input/Output-to-State Stability and Output-to-State Stability of Direct-Form Digital Filters with Finite Wordlength Nonlinearity

1274 words - 6 pages a white Gaussian random sequence with mean and variance . Figure 2 shows that the state variables converge to the origin when . Figure 1: Phase plot when Figure 2: Phase plot when 5 Conclusion In this paper, we have proposed a new LMI based criterion for the IOSS of interfered direct-form digital filters with saturation overflow nonlinearity. Based on the augmented Lyapunov function, the criterion also guarantees the OSS and asymptotic stability of direct-form digital filters without external interference under the additional LMI condition. The criterion is expressed by LMIs. An example was provided to demonstrate the proposed criterion.

Darwin’s Finches: A Prime Example of Evolutionary Developmental Biology

1330 words - 6 pages One of the most famous examples of Darwin’s theory of evolution at work are the Galapagos finches. These finches are the evolutionary by-product of one finch which migrated to the islands 2.3 million years ago, and as a result of radiative adaptation, split into 13 to 15 different species. Other than various color differences, the most conspicuous difference between each of the species is the size and, to a lesser extent, the shape of the beak

At What Level of Divergence Does Speciation Occur?

1002 words - 4 pages whales. In support of geographical isolation leading to the development of new species, the author of The Origin of Whales and The Power of Independent Evidence argues that whales originated from terrestrial mammals (Sutera 2001). To explain the nature of divergence between modern whales and their ancestral terrestrial mammals, literature points out how the earliest whales lived in freshwater habitats, but the ancestors of modern whales moved into

Charles Darwin British Naturalist

935 words - 4 pages Charles DarwinBritish Naturalist1809 -1882I have called this principle, by whicheach slight variation, if useful, is preserved,by the term Natural Selection.--Charles Darwin from "The Origin of Species"--------------------------------------------------------------------------------Charles Darwin was born on February 12, 1809 in Shrewsbury, England. He was the British naturalist who became famous for his theories of evolution and natural

The Process of Natural Selection

1546 words - 6 pages for a species to adapt to its present circumstances. As the examples given here illustrate, natural selection may take on many forms and give a species better defensive, offensive, or reproductive measures in the struggle for existence, which, though it sounds dramatic and urgent, is nothing more than being able to effectively cope with the external world and reproduce. Works Cited Darwin, Charles. The Origin of Species. Cambridge

Essay on reproductive isolating mechanisms (1500 words)

1518 words - 6 pages York.Hale, W. and Margham, J. 1988. Collins Dictionary of Biology. Collins, UK.Mayr, E. 1942 Systematics and the Origin of Species. Columbia University Press, New York, USA.Mayr, E. (1970) Populations, Species, and Evolution. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.Starr, C. and Taggart, R. (2001). Biology, The Unity and Diversity of Life, 9th ed. Brookes/ Cole, USA.www.abacus.gene.ucl.ac.uk/jim/Sp/isolmech.htmlwww.library.thinkquest.org/ 19926/java/library/article/17a.ht

Similar Essays

The Origin Of Species Essay

657 words - 3 pages Species are a group of animals or plants which are similar and can breed together to produce young animals or plants of the same kind as them. Speciation, the origin of new species, is the key process that brings new types. The four factors that contribute to the creation of new species within a population are geographical barriers, ecological isolation, behavioral isolation and polyploidy.There are two types of geographical barriers, prezygotic

On The Origin Of Species Essay

2060 words - 9 pages In his On the Origin of Species, written in 1859, Charles Darwin clearly explained the gradual progression toward the speciation of organisms with his five main principles: variation, inheritance, competition, selection, and propagation. Darwin hesitated to publish his findings because he understood that his findings were based on the animal kingdom and on an evolutionary process that had to have spanned millennia. He specifically did not think

'the Origin Of Species' By Charles Darwin

1467 words - 6 pages ChangeChange is an evolutionary process, whether it be gradual or instant, it is progressionary nevertheless. Without the process of change, nothing can move forward, nothing can advance. This aspect of change is presented in a number of texts, including The Poetry of Gwen Harwood, 'The Origin of Species' by Charles Darwin, the feature film 'Memento' directed by Christopher Noland, and 'The Door' by Miroslav Holub. Each of these texts present

Comparing Frankenstein, Origin Of The Species And Decent Of Man

1408 words - 6 pages Comparing Frankenstein, Origin of the Species and Decent of Man   I will demonstrate in this paper how Mary Shelley's Frankenstein confirms, and at the same time contradicts Darwin's ideas presented in "The Origin of the Species" and "The Decent of Man." Mary Shelley's Frankenstein is at once, confirming, and contradictory of Charles Darwin's scientific discoveries and views on science, nature and the relation of the individual to