This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Origin Of The Universe Essay

4014 words - 16 pages

The Origin of the Universe

Since the dawn of intelligent man, humanity has speculated about the origins of the universe.
There is evidence, which indicates that the universe started around 15 billion years ago.
This is probably the greatest discovery imaginable; however, the universe still seems to be a very controversial subject.

Most scientists agree that there was a beginning but there is a lot of speculation of how it (the universe) actually started. The much-celebrated Greek philosopher, Aristotle, denied the fact that there ever was a beginning. He and his associates believed in the eternal existence of the universe, they also tried to prove that the universe was static, and was unchanging in time. However, there is evidence, which suggests that the universe is changing with time.
•     Geologists have discovered meteorites on the earth that have existed for many thousands of millions of years, way before the earth came into existence.
•     A second principle, which concretises the beginning of the universe, is the second law of thermodynamics. As I quote the cosmologist Sir Arthur Eddington, said,
“Don’t worry if your theory doesn’t agree with the observations, because they are probably wrong.’ But if your theory does not agree with the 2nd law of thermodynamics then it is in serious trouble”.
The second law states that disorder (which is measured by entropy) always increases with time. Therefore, the idea that the universe existed forever is contradictory, because the second law implies that there was a beginning.

Explained:
If the universe has an infinite number of stars then the night sky should be uniformly bright as the surface of the sun. This essentially is Olbers’ paradox
There are many possible explanations for Olbers’ paradox. Here are just a few:

•     There’s too much dust to see the distant stars.
•     The universe is expanding, so distant starts are red-shifted into obscurity.
•     The universe is young. Distant light hasn’t even reached us yet.

The first explanation does not make sense. The dust in a black body will heat up; this essentially acts like a radiation shield, exponentially damping the distant starlight. In addition, one cannot put enough dust into the universe to get rid of all the starlight, without obscuring your own sun.
The last two possibilities are correct. There are numerical arguments that effect the finite age of the universe. Currently, we live inside an “observable universe”, objects more than the age of 15 billion are too far away too ever reach us.

The question put forward by Newton was:
"If the universe is full of static then, why did the stars suddenly turn on?

This is where we turn to the Cosmological principal.
It states that the universe is homogeneous (the same everywhere) and isotropic. (The same in all directions)
It is an extension of the Copernican principle, which states that we are not in a special place at the centre of the solar system,...

Find Another Essay On Origin of the Universe

The Studies of the Universe Essay

1340 words - 6 pages new diseases, the discovery of new elements, finding a new planet to live on or even finding an asteroid hurtling through space towards planet Earth. Whether it is looking into a telescope to see the vast unknown or into a microscope peering down on the smallest particles that make up our world we will always be exploring our universe in one way or another. Throughout history people have always wanted to know what else is out there. The British

The Commencement of the Universe Essay

1505 words - 7 pages A natural human instinct is curiosity. We all wonder about the perplexing issues and try to comprehend the incomprehensible. How the universe came to be is a matter we question constantly throughout our lives. We wonder why we are we here and whether we have a purpose in life. We wonder how atoms, matters, space, time, air, etcetera came to be. We wonder what the fate of all entities is. We wonder how the universe came to be in the beginning

The Structure of the Universe

2265 words - 9 pages The way in which we currently view the structure of the universe has been developed throughout centuries by various astronomers whose predictions and observations have all aided in the development of this model. Aristotle based his model of the universe on Pythagorean theory which described the Earth as a sphere. His claims of a round Earth were reinforced by three observations. The first of these was that all Earthly matter moved towards the

The Origin of Ideas

1139 words - 5 pages The Origin of Ideas Webster's dictionary defines the word idea as 1) something, such as a thought or conception, that potentially or actually exists in the mind as a product of mental activity, 2) an opinion, a conviction, or a principle, 3) a plan, scheme, or method 4) the gist of a specific situation, and 5) a notion. We have a better understanding of these definitions today because of the thoughts and writings of Descartes and John

The Origin of Species

657 words - 3 pages Species are a group of animals or plants which are similar and can breed together to produce young animals or plants of the same kind as them. Speciation, the origin of new species, is the key process that brings new types. The four factors that contribute to the creation of new species within a population are geographical barriers, ecological isolation, behavioral isolation and polyploidy.There are two types of geographical barriers, prezygotic

The Origin of Civilization

1894 words - 8 pages these writers gave us so much, it is important to look back and and see not only where their ideas came from, but also how there were in some ways just different interpretations of the same thing, and where they were in stern disagreement. One of the most important arguments that these men debated is that of the origin of civilization. This argument is fundamental, because it gives a foundation of reasoning. Armed with reason, all these men needed

The Origin of Robots

1338 words - 5 pages The Origin of Robots Over the years mankind has advanced greatly in the field of technology and day by day we continue to advance. The future holds many possibilities, one of which is living in a world with robots. Isaac Asimov shared his view of this possible future in his novel I, Robot. His view portrays robots as machines superior to humans mentally and physically. If robots are superior to humans, how do humans control the robots

The Origin Of Language

1514 words - 6 pages observed in chimpanzees, a series of grunts and groans and screeches (McConnell, 1977). These researchers contend that the need for more advanced language did not exist for human populations until approximately 70,000 years ago and that the origin of that need approximately corresponded with the date of the beginning of the last ice age (McConnell, 1977). Because humans were forced to migrate into areas which were unfamiliar to them they had to

Intelligent Design of the Universe

2099 words - 8 pages Intelligent Design of the Universe The search for knowledge about the origin of humanity is as old as its inhabitants. Since the early 1800's mankind has narrowed the debate to creation by a Supreme Being and the theory of evolution. Ever since then, science has been at odds against religion. Now it appears that science is returning to religion. Scientists are finding proof that the universe was created by a Supreme Being. The word

My theory of the universe

603 words - 2 pages My Theory of the Universe         You are about to be transported to a very strange world, read on if you dare! The planet you are on is a giant disco ball, rotating clockwise. (Earth) This disco ball is in a place that has two stories. It is on the first story ceiling, but the ceiling is made of glass so the disco ball can be seen from both floors. The walls of the room are black. There is a big yellow spotlight in one corner of

Renaissance View of the Universe

851 words - 3 pages how the planets influenced their people on making the moves they made.However in the age of the Renaissance the subject was quite different. Rather than studying astrology, scientists started studying a new science by the name of astronomy. Astronomy was to do with getting a better picture of the universe. To do so astronomers looked at the orbits of different stars and planets.Claudius Ptolemy (100 AD - 170 AD)Claudius Ptolemy didn't actually live

Similar Essays

The Origin Of Our Universe Essay

930 words - 4 pages Our Universe began approximately 15 billion years ago as a dense, hot globule of gas expanding rapidly outward. Cosmology is the study of the beginning and evolution of the universe. The universe contained nothing but hydrogen and a small amount of helium at the time. There were no stars or planets floating around. Stars only started to form when the Universe was about 100 million years old. There are many theories that describe the origin of

Theories Of The Origin Of The Universe

1256 words - 5 pages The Big BangIn cosmology, the Big Bang is the scientific theory that describes the early development and shape of the universe.The Big Bang Theory is the most accepted theory for the origin and evolution of our universe. The big bang theory states that at some time in the distant past there was nothing. It suggests that around 10 to 14 billion years ago, the part of the universe we can see today was only a few millimetres across. According to

The Origin And Structure Of Our Universe

3913 words - 16 pages same laws. I suppose that our Universe consists of hierarchically relative systems as follows: The first system: the Origin - the central gravitating body of our Universe, and its born nuclei of super-galaxies (the Origin is not considered in the present work). The second system: nuclei of super-galaxies and their born nuclei of galaxies. The third system: nuclei of galaxies and their born stars. The fourth system: stars and their born

Paley Vs. Hume This Is A Inductive Argument About The Origin And Nature Of God, Religion, And The Universe

1025 words - 4 pages Paley vs. HumeI read William Paley's, "The Argument from Design", and David Hume's, "Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion." What I established after reading these two arguments is that it is extraordinarily difficult to come to any conclusion about the origin of the universe and the world. Both are inductive arguments about the origin and nature of God, religion, and the universe; things that can never be proven true and absolute.In Paley's