Origins Of First World War Essay

719 words - 3 pages

There are many origins of the First World War. For this essay I will cover just two or three of them. An important factor leading up to the First World War was the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand. The archduke and his wife Sophie were assassinated by Gavrilo Princip, a Serbian, on the 28th June 1914. This appeared to be a catalyst to the war.Archduke Franz Ferdinand was the heir to the Austrian throne. The Austrian - Hungarians retaliated against the Serbian people. Because of an alliance that Germany had with Austro-Hungary they said they would support them in a war. Russia was in alliance with Serbia and they said they would support them in a war. Italy had an alliance with Germany and Austria-Hungary and this was called the triple alliance. Germany said they would declare war on Russia if they did not back down. France had an alliance with Russia, and they agreed to back them in a war - this was called a dual entente. Then later when Britain joined in it became the triple entente.Britain did not join in with the war straight away this was partly because it only had verbal alliances and also they were trying to negotiate with the warring countries and act as mediators. Finally when Germany declared war on France and invaded through Belgium, Britain declared war on Germany. Belgium was a neutral country and Britain came to its aid (like protecting the underdogs). Italy changed sides and joined the Russian, France and Britain side.Although originally the alliances were set up as protection the alliances also caused the nations to war not just the two countries that were in disagreement. The details of the alliances were kept secret and have only now been released. Just knowing a country was in alliance was enough, the details were not needed. Feelings were very important such as the Austria Hungary alliance with Germany -this united the countries and they felt secure. The Marxist historian Joll believed that the secrecy and diplomats caused the breakdown of the alliances and ultimately the war.Ideologies were very important. It was as important what people thought had...

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