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Origins Of The Cold War Essay

1202 words - 5 pages

The Cold War was the ongoing state of tension between the Soviet Union and the United States that occurred from 1946 to 1991. The hostility between the two countries was evident through political affairs, military and weaponry intensification, and economic rivalry. At many points in time, the two sides were on the verge of nuclear confrontation, which would have vastly altered the world as people know it today. Fortunately, the two countries never engaged in major warfare, thereby coining the state of friction as a cold war.
Progressing forward, the purpose of this essay is to expound the origins of the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States. In order to accomplish present objectives, this paper will proceed as follows: Part 1 will discuss the early distrusts and suspicions that developed between the Soviet Union and United States during the war and the conflicts of interest that arose concerning post war goals, Section 2 will explicate the events surrounding the early years of the Cold War, namely 1945 to 1949, and ultimately, Portion 3 will simultaneously illuminate the controversy over the atomic bomb and how it was involved with the issues surrounding the Soviet Union and United States and will bring this essay to a closure.
To begin with, the Soviet Union and United States had early distrusts and suspicions during World War II. As well as this, the two countries had conflicts of interest concerning post war goals. The main reason as to why the two countries were so distrustful of each other was the fact that their ideals were poles apart. For instance, in the United States there were free elections, personal freedom, capitalism, and a Social Darwinist concept for survival. On the other hand, in the Soviet Union there were no elections, society was controlled, communism was present, and the government was an autocracy. One of the early distrusts the Soviet Union had against the U.S. involved the atomic bomb. During World War II, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt did not inform Joseph Stalin that he was fabricating a weapon of mass destruction. Stalin, however, knew about the atomic bomb long before President Harry S. Truman told him about it since Stalin had spies working on the Manhattan Project, which later became evident to the United States after the Soviets exploded their first atomic bomb in 1949. In addition, the Americans had a suspicion that the Soviets would attempt to spread communism to the West and overthrow the United States’ system of governance. Furthermore, the Soviet Union and United States had conflicts of interest in the matter of post war goals. The Soviets’ post war goals included instituting communist forms of government in war torn Europe, full control of Germany and converting it into an agrarian state, and world domination with communism as the chief form of government. Contrary to this, the United States’ post war goals were to rebuild Germany, spread democracy and capitalism, forming new...

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