Origins Of The Cold War Essay

9738 words - 39 pages

Origins of the Cold War Author(s): Arthur Schlesinger Jr. Source: Foreign Affairs, Vol. 46, No. 1 (Oct., 1967), pp. 22-52 Published by: Council on Foreign Relations Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20039280 . Accessed: 21/08/2013 03:57
Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at . http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp
.
JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.
.
Council on Foreign Relations is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to Foreign Affairs.
http://www.jstor.org
This content downloaded from 27.254.22.254 on Wed, 21 Aug 2013 03:57:18 AM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions

THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION?FIFTY YEARS AFTER
ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR By Arthur Schlesinger, Jr.
THE Cold War in its original form was a presumably mortal antagonism, arising in the wake of the Second World War, between two rigidly hostile blocs, one led by the Soviet
Union, the other by the United States. For nearly two somber and dangerous decades this antagonism dominated the fears of
mankind; it may even, on occasion, have come close to blowing up the planet. In recent years, however, the once implacable struggle has lost its familiar clarity of outline. With the passing of old is sues and the emergence of new conflicts and contestants, there is a natural tendency, especially on the part of the generation which grew up during the Cold War, to take a fresh look at the causes of the great contention between Russia and America.
Some exercises in reappraisal have merely elaborated the ortho doxies promulgated in Washington or Moscow during the boom years of the Cold War. But others, especially in the United States (there are no signs, alas, of this in the Soviet Union), represent
what American historians call "revisionism"?that is, a readiness to challenge official explanations. No one should be surprised by this phenomenon. Every war in American history has been fol lowed in due course by skeptical reassessments of supposedly sacred assumptions. So the War of 1812, fought at the time for the freedom of the seas, was in later years ascribed to the expan sionist ambitions of Congressional war hawks; so the Mexican
War became a slaveholders' conspiracy. So the Civil War has been pronounced a "needless war," and Lincoln has even been accused of manoeuvring the rebel attack on Fort Sumter. So too the Spanish-American War and the First and Second World
Wars have, each in its turn, undergone revisionist critiques. It is not to be supposed that the Cold War would remain exempt.
In the case of the Cold War, special factors reinforce the pre dictable...

Find Another Essay On origins of the cold war

Outline of Essay About the Origins of the Cold War

751 words - 3 pages Outline of Essay About the Origins of the Cold War OUTLINE: Introduction- 1. Definition of ‘Cold War’ and the Powers involved 2. Perceived definition of ‘start of Cold War’ 3. Iron Curtain Speech, Truman Doctrine and Berlin Blockade as significant events that caused strife between both powers, but which triggering off the

What were the origins and the early manifestations of the Cold War?

1314 words - 5 pages origins and the early manifestations of this war.The most significant reason for the start of the Cold War was the opposite and conflicting ideologies existing within the two superpowers. Communist USSR held principles that went against the principles of Capitalist US. To give one example, capitalism needed countries as "markets" for American products so that the US economy could stay healthy and competitive. After the Second World War the

A single factor as the one most responsible for the origins of the cold war

2408 words - 10 pages Pick a single factor as the one most responsible for the origins of the cold war. You can choose a person, an event, even an ideology or belief system, but provide a thorough and convincing explanation as to why you consider this factor to be the most significant. You may also, if you choose, argue that the cold war was inevitable, but again you must support this claim with the use of specific evidence.As World War II came to a close, the United

An Analysis of Gaddis' Book, The United States and the Origins of the Cold War, 1941–1947

711 words - 3 pages The Cold War was a clash over ideological difference and control over the sphere of influence. Although the Cold War is technically over; many scholars are still fascinated with the events that could have started WWIII, and its impact on U.S. foreign policy. Professor Gaddis thus wrote an impressive book which deals with the origins and revisionist theories which gave the reader and exceptional background knowledge on the topic. However, he

Account for the origins and development of the Cold War between USA and USSR up to 1962

2680 words - 11 pages The origins of the Cold War lie in the differences between the systems of both the United States and the Soviet Union. It is an interplay between ideology and pragmatic power politics, and the creation of tension and mistrust which had been evident since the Russian Revolution. During World War II differences were put aside, but the problems reappeared, and it was a changing post-war world.There are three major common explanations for the

“Who was more to blame for the origins and development of the Cold War in Europe: Stalin or Truman?”

1401 words - 6 pages Untitled "Who was more to blame for the origins and development of the Cold War in Europe: Stalin or Truman?" The cold war was a period of intense antagonism between the two superpowers- the United States and the Soviet Union, lasting from 1945-1991. Both leaders, Stalin and Truman, had a huge role to play in the cold war, but ultimately, it was Stalin who was more to blame for the origins and development of the cold

"As long as Stalin was running the Soviet Union a Cold war was unavoidable." (J.L Gaddis, We Now Know). Discuss this interpretation of the origins and character of the Cold War

2078 words - 8 pages ideology. As long as the Soviet Union existed, their would be a state of possible war between two nations whose ideologies conflicted. Both nations viewed each other as oppressors of people's rights. Ideology was the key to the cause of the cold war, simply because both could not work along side each other.BibliographyBooks:Konstantin V. PleshakovThe Origins of the Cold War- Joseph Stalins World ViewArthur M. Schlesinger, Jr The Origins of the

Origins of the Pelopponesian War

1690 words - 7 pages The Peloponnesian war involved Greece’s two most prominent city-states, Athens and Sparta, between 431-404 BC. Both Athens and Sparta held numerous alliances, causing essentially the entire ancient Greek world to be engulfed in war. There were many events that sparked the feud between the Athenians and the Peloponnesian league and made war inevitable. The Peloponnesian war was perhaps one of the most momentous wars of its time and was primarily

The origins of the First World War

1010 words - 5 pages the war and sees the guilt of Austria-Hungary for its outbreak. On the other hand John Leslie says that the responsible is Germany :“Austria-Hungary can be held responsible for planning a local Austro-Serb conflict, which was linked to its fears about Balkan nationalism, but Germany, which was not interested in this quarrel, quite deliberately used it as an opportunity to launch the European war which Austria-Hungary never desired.”18 The Origins

The Origins of the Second World War

2510 words - 10 pages February 17th, 2010In 1955, Thomas Desmond Williams argued that there were too many historians studying the origins of the Second World War . Although Williams' point claims some merit, he was merely referencing what he believed to be a "misallocation of scholarly research." Contrary to William's advice, given the sheer magnitude of event, many historians flocked to research its true origins; for the Second World War was a global catastrophe

The Origins of the First World War

2048 words - 8 pages The Origins of the First World War The study of diplomatic history has led to many different theories on the origins of the First World War. Each historian focuses on different aspects of the events preceding the war. In viewing them from a different time periods, many come to radically different conclusions. For example, the theory of German responsibility proposed directly after the war was soon revised with the

Similar Essays

Origins Of The Cold War Essay

1311 words - 5 pages A) Plan of the investigationSubject of the investigation:To investigate historical controversy over the origins of the Cold War.Methods:a.Research of bibliography about the origins of theCold Wax. Instrument: Internet. Three main siteswere particularly helpful: CNN the Cold War, ColdWar Policies, Cold War History Project. The maincriteria used for selection were: reliability of thesources and the most recent.b.Writing of an annotated

Origins Of The Cold War Essay

1202 words - 5 pages never engaged in major warfare, thereby coining the state of friction as a cold war. Progressing forward, the purpose of this essay is to expound the origins of the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States. In order to accomplish present objectives, this paper will proceed as follows: Part 1 will discuss the early distrusts and suspicions that developed between the Soviet Union and United States during the war and the conflicts of

Origins Of The Cold War Essay

9738 words - 39 pages Origins of the Cold War Author(s): Arthur Schlesinger Jr. Source: Foreign Affairs, Vol. 46, No. 1 (Oct., 1967), pp. 22-52 Published by: Council on Foreign Relations Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20039280 . Accessed: 21/08/2013 03:57 Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at . http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp . JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that

The Origins Of The Cold War

2253 words - 10 pages Introduction The term “Cold War” refers to the second half of the 20th century, usually from the end of the World War II until 1990, when the Soviet Union collapsed. Since the 1940s and 1950s the scholars have disagreed on the topic of the origins of the Cold War. There are several groups of historians and their interpretations are very different, sometimes even contradictory. The three main schools are the orthodox, the revisionist and the