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Orlan Essay

3938 words - 16 pages

La place du corps dans l'œuvre d'ORLAN

African Self-hybridation, 2002

« Ce qui est important pour moi c'est que mon corps devienne un lieu de débat »ORLANSOMMAIRE4Introduction :I - Anticonformisme de l'esthétique 5a) Conformité de la beauté au siècle des contemporains 5b) Performances physiques 6II - Anti-traditionalisme religieux 7a) Détournement des costumes religieux 7b) Photographies à caractères pornographiques 9c) Caricature des religieuses 10III) Le corps au centre de l'œuvre : une réflexion sociale 12a) Originalité du « beau » artistique 12b) Remise en question de la place du corps dans la société………………………………………………………………13Conclusion : 14Bibliographie : 16Webographie : 16Introduction :A travers la vidéo, la sculpture ainsi que la photographie, ORLAN se démarque des autres artistes contemporains. Elle questionne les conventions sociales que l'on nous impose, une ligne de conduite à suivre et remet donc en cause un certain idéal. ORLAN est une artiste moderne qui suit les tendances esthétiques, ici la chirurgie, pour retranscrire une autre idée du Beau.ORLAN est une artiste parisienne qui naît en 1947 à Saint-Etienne (Loire). A partir de 1976, sa carrière prend un tournant essentiel. Avec Le Baiser de l'artiste, oeuvre qui marquera le réel début de son travail sur la place du corps, elle devient l'une des premières artistes à mettre en place d'autres critères de beauté. En 1990, elle devient la première artiste à utiliser la chirurgie esthétique et à la détourner à des fins artistiques. C'est à partir de cette époque qu'ORLAN fait de son corps une réelle oeuvre d'art et transforme le bloc opératoire en atelier d'artiste. Elle travaillera sur les standards de beauté français mais aussi sur les standards de diverses ethnies (africaines, colombiennes).ORLAN, grâce à la chirurgie, portraiture au sens classique en utilisant des techniques contemporaines et donne naissance à un nouveau type d'art : l'Art charnel. Cet art a pour but non pas la souffrance, ni la purification, mais la transformation du corps en lieu de débat public. Celui-ci lutte contre la tradition chrétienne et les diktats et s'installe ainsi dans le social. L'art charnel ne se dit pas contre la chirurgie esthétique mais contre les standards de beauté qu'il représente. L'Art charnel aime le baroque, la parodie et le grotesque par exemple. De plus, ORLAN questionne les normes, autrement dit, elle questionne ce qui est à l'état...

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