Orwell's Comparing Animal Farm And The Russian System Of Communism

1438 words - 6 pages

Orwell's Comparing Animal Farm and The Russian System Of Communism

Animal Farm is a satire and prophecy of the Russian revolution, which
was written by George Orwell in 1945. George Orwell was a political
satirist who led a somewhat strange life. His original name was 'Eric
Arthur Blair', which was later changed to his familiar pen name for
its 'manly, English, country-sounding ring'. He was a lonely boy and
had many uncertain jobs until he finally became a writer, crossing
political and artistic ideas into most of his books. The novel Animal
Farm is George Orwell's way of portraying his ideas, criticisms and
negative opinions on the Russian revolution, and therefore is
negatively biased against Lenin's communist ideology and the
revolution. The book is a serious satire, although it has been
confused as a children's book in the past.

Animal Farm is an allegory, and uses animals to express the author's
opinions. This is done for many reasons; animals already have values
and attitudes placed on them by the general public. These values and
attitudes are effectively utilized by Orwell to build the characters
in his story, as the audience will have preconceptions as to what the
character will be like, judged on what type of animal they are. For
example, pigs already have negative values placed on them for being
dirty and deceitful, and these are some of the values the author wants
us to put on the characters. This is extremely useful for Orwell, as
the different types of animals allow us to easily differentiate
between the different social classes or characters, and subtly conveys
Orwell's message on what his opinion of the character or social group
is. The use of animals immediately forces the audience to place values
on the characters, and this allows Orwell to create a contrast between
his novel and the actual revolution.

The novel has many direct relationships to the Russian revolution, and
many of the characters in the story represent actual people involved
in the Russian revolution, whereas some characters represent a social
group just by themselves. This is done to keep the allegory of the
farm realistic; if there were millions of horses because they
represented the working class, the novel would become very
unrealistic. An example: Napoleon the pig represents Stalin, whereas
Boxer the horse represents the exploited working class who were the
backbone of the communist revolution. He works exceedingly hard,
believing it is for the good of all his comrades, when it is only the
pigs that are really benefiting. The ultimate betrayal of the working
class is represented when Boxer is given to the glue factory when it
is found he can no longer maintain his hard work.

There are also characters in the book that show how the ideologies of
communism are doomed to fail. These are...

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