This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Orwell’s ‘Nineteen Eighty Four’ And Swifts’ ‘Gulliver’s Travels’

1794 words - 7 pages

Orwell and Swift represent satirical scientific writers at opposing ends of ideology and a historical era. Swifts’ Tory anarchism and Orwell’s socialist beliefs would lead the audience to expect two very different views on progress. However, both choose to parody and satire progress to create fear and debate in the public domain. By examining the historical contexts in the themes of progress, anti-enlightenment and technology, it can be seen that the misuse of progress is feared in the time of Orwell and Swift.

Orwell dystopian earth is a state of equilibrium. The war of maintaining the status quo between the superpowers and between the layers of the party ensures that there is no progress in Airstrip one. This creates a war-torn ‘Airstrip one’, which parodies the reality of Post World War Two London:

The experience described in the first paragraph of not being able to close the door quickly enough ‘to prevent a swirl of gritty dust from entering along with him’ was a familiar experience: the dust from the bombsites. […] ‘victory mansions’ was familiar, and what a victory it seemed: food shortages and rationing had actually increased after the war.

This suggests that Orwell parodied post war life to show that without the ongoing war to distract people, progress would need to be made to increase the welfare of the population. This can be contrasted with Gulliver’s attempts to educate the king of Brobdingnag in warfare. Gulliver reports that the king is ‘struck with horror’ as he describes the abilities of a cannon. ‘He was amazed how […] I […] could entertain such inhuman ideas, and in a manner so familiar as to appear wholly unmoved at all by the scenes of blood and destruction’ . This could suggest that European culture was becoming too accustomed to violence of war and no longer concerned about military technological progress as long as winning was ensured. The kings Is only concerned with improving the lives of his subjects and not in conquering foreign territory. ‘ whoever could make two ears of corn, or two blades of grass to grow upon a spot of ground where only one grew before, would deserve better of mankind, and do more essential service to his country.’ This juxtaposes the decaying ‘airstrip one’ and implies that real progress can be made if war could be eliminated. The satire of swift can be taken as an attack on the Whigs foreign policy of war with France, which the Tories saw as pointless and with little benefit. Thus it can be seen that both Orwell and Swift illustrate the war is counter-productive to progress as it distracts from improving the lives of the common person.

Moreover, it could be argued that the lack of progress has allowed regression to become a theme in both novels. The Party’s desire to maintain a status quo in living standards is a failure as the cities begin to decay. Orwell writes:

The reality was decaying, dingy cities where underfed people shuffled to and fro in leaky shoes, in patched up...

Find Another Essay On Orwell’s ‘Nineteen Eighty-Four’ and Swifts’ ‘Gulliver’s Travels’

George Orwell and Winston Smith in Nineteen Eighty-Four

2554 words - 10 pages George Orwell and Winston Smith in Nineteen Eighty-Four   "On each landing, opposite the lift shaft, the poster with the enormous face gazed from the wall. It was one of those pictures which are so contrived that the eyes follow you about when you move. BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU, the caption beneath it ran." (Orwell 4 "Nineteen"). George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four presents a negative utopian picture, a society ruled by rigid

Stasiland and Nineteen Eighty Four comparative - english - essay

1258 words - 6 pages “ Both texts depict societies where truth and lies are almost indistinguishable”. Compare the way the texts explore this idea. “ Both texts depict societies where truth and lies are almost indistinguishable”. Compare the way the texts explore this idea. The falsification and distortion of information being reinstated as truth is consistent within both Anna Funder’s non fiction text ‘Stasiland’ and George Orwell’s fiction novel ‘Nineteen Eighty

Comparing Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four 1984 and Western Religion

2633 words - 11 pages , The Critical Heritage. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1975.   Orwell, George. Nineteen Eighty-Four. London: Secker & Warburg, 1965.   Singh, Paras Mani. George Orwell as a Political Novelist. Delhi: Amar Prakashan, 1987.

George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four 1984

1437 words - 6 pages Nineteen Eighty-Four is a compelling novel, written in the period just after W.W.II. It details the life of one man, Winston Smith, and his struggles with an undoubtedly fascist government. The book is set approximately in the year 1984, in which Winston's society is ruled by a governing force known as "The Party". At the head of this government is a fictional figure known as Big Brother, to whom all citizens must love and

"Nineteen Eighty-Four" by George Orwell

1225 words - 5 pages In his book Nineteen Eighty-Four George Orwell portrays a bleak world in which "the party" holds complete and utter control. To assure their ability of maintaining power, this ruling elite has developed methods to eliminate dissent and impose complete uniformity of opinion upon its people. It was Stephen King who said, "The beauty of religious mania is that it has the power to explain everything. Once God (or Satan) is accepted as the first

Nineteen Eighty Four by George Orwell (1984)

1090 words - 4 pages Nineteen Eighty Four by George OrwellIn the novel Nineteen Eighty Four by George Orwell, Orwell has presented us with his view of the future. I believe that Orwell was indeed on the right track concerning political government issues, even if all his predictions for 1984 did not become a complete realisation. I also believe that when George Orwell was writing this novel he did have a concern for the people in the future about the political issues

George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four 1984

1300 words - 5 pages Throughout the evolution of man, power and control have been idealized. When power is attained by manipulative dictators, citizens may initially view them as a means to satisfy their need for structure and direction. An author’s grim prophecy of mankind in a totalitarian society is depicted in George Orwell’s, 1984. Citizens in Oceania are governed by the Party Big Brother, which succeeds in controlling their actions and minds. The concept of

George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four 1984

595 words - 2 pages handled by the Outer Party. The Outer Party is described as small, powerless, and indispensable. It is the equivalent of a middle class. The Inner party selects a small number of the Outer party to join the Inner Party. Then there are the Proles who make up the rest of the population.      The Government in Oceania is divided into four gigantic Ministries: The Ministry of Truth, The Ministry of Peace, The Ministry of Love, and The Ministry of

Totalitarianism in Brave New World by Aldous Huxley and Nineteen Eighty-four by George Orwell

1592 words - 7 pages . Both societies’ mechanisms of control illustrate Orwell’s and Huxley’s deepest fears about a real dystopian society. In his book Nineteen Eighty-Four, George Orwell warned of a future in which the people are controlled by an oppressive government that restricted and regulated the spread of information. In Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World, a perpetual flood of irrelevant and trivial information distracts the people from taking interest in anything

Analysis of Dystopian Novels Nineteen Eighty-Four and A Clockwork Orange

1935 words - 8 pages Analysis of a work of literature - Nineteen Eighty-Four Description Nineteen Eighty-Four describes a world where the most obvious paradox is seen as a commonplace. At least it appears so to the people living in Airstrip One (the former United Kingdom). Winston Smith is one of these citizens who survive on shortages of food and rations of Victory Gin. He believes that his life is being improved day by day even though the reality is the absolute

Exposition of George Orwell's "Nineteen eighty-four". Discourses and positioning of the reader is highly examined

1025 words - 4 pages concerning power, human nature and political ideologies. Orwell achieves this through using literary devices such as foregrounding, privileging, silences and language choices.A major idea explored in Nineteen Eighty-Four is the importance of power, and the many ways in which it can manifest itself. Orwell presents the two major discourses concerning power early in the novel. Readers are immediately introduced to the discourse of individual power through

Similar Essays

The Anti Feminist Message In George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty Four

788 words - 3 pages George Orwell displays a tendency to disregard women in his novel Nineteen Eighty-Four, showing none of his female characters to ever be equal to a male character, whether physically or intellectually. Orwell's portrayal of women shows them in a very unflattering light. Firstly, the female characters base the relationships they form solely on sex and are unwilling to form any other type of relationship. Furthermore, the women are all two

"Nineteen Eighty" Four By Orwell Essay

997 words - 4 pages tools you have the power tochange any person you wish.Bibliography1. Orwell, George. Nineteen Eighty Four. New York: Penguin Books, 1950Footnotes:2. Webcom, John Coles Notes. Toronto: Coles Publishing Company, 19951 Goorge Orwell, Nineteen Eighty Four (New York:Penguin BooksIncorporated, 1950), p.123.2 George Orwell, Nineteen Eighty Four (New York:Penguin BooksIncorporated, 1950), p.177.3 George Orwell, Nineteen Eighty Four (New York:Penguin BooksIncorporated, 1950),p.128.

George Orwell's "Nineteen Eighty Four" Essay

1339 words - 5 pages strongly about something, we get more immersed. As we delve into the book we feel a powerful bond with the key players. The reader is the protagonist's only support - or so it seems. Obviously, this is one of the reasons this literary device is so powerful; it makes it personal. More intimate.I cannot think of a better example of this than the character of Winston from George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four. Winston Smith is a superb and extreme example

Nineteen Eighty Four And Animal Farm By George Orwell

1571 words - 6 pages over the population in a suppressive manner. Nineteen Eighty-Four is George Orwell’s way to inform the people of what the world will become if Josef Stalin is not removed from power. Orwell was born in 1903 and lived till 1950. Although having lived a short life of only forty-seven years, Orwell lived many experiences and worked several jobs. He received most of his attention for his works Nineteen Eighty-Four and Animal Farm. George Orwell’s