Osteoarthritis Of The Knee Essay

1848 words - 8 pages

Weight bearing joints, specifically the knee, are at risk of developing osteoarthritis after injury, especially in relation to participation of a high impact sport. Results from this study suggest that knee osteoarthritis increases in prevalence an athlete who has sustained traumatic knee injury. Trauma of the knee joint can lead to a series of lesions and damage to the articular cartilage. Damage to the articular cartilage is primarily associated with intraarticular bleeding which leads to (posttraumatic) joint inflammation. Once the joint experiences trauma, chronic remodeling of cartilage and other tissues of the joint initiates and progresses to osteoarthritis in most cases. The most effective forms of evaluation and diagnosis of knee osteoarthritis is physical examination and plain radiography. Prevention and self-management strategies for osteoarthritis should be targeted to athletes with a history of knee injury. Health care professionals should target knee-injured individuals for primary prevention with respect to education, activity modification, and the role of re-establishing neuromuscular function and exercise in surgical decision-making and rehabilitation.

The Development of Knee Osteoarthritis in Athletes
Osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative joint disease, is an endemic condition that affects about 20 million people in the United States alone (Britton, 2009, p.1). Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis and is defined as a gradual process of destruction and degeneration or wearing away of the joint cartilage that typically occurs in the older individual age 50 and over (Lozada, 2014). Although this disease is well known for its association with the natural aging process, it is also prevalent in athletes. Specifically, osteoarthritis of the knee has been said to be the most commonly affected area as a major weight-bearing joint and is a growing epidemic in relation to sports injuries in the young adult (Denaro, 2010). According to Vincent (2013), among upper and lower reported extremity sites, the most common region for osteoarthritis to manifest is in the medial compartment of the knee. Liang (2010) reports that the risk of knee osteoarthritis from knee joint injury is high; approximately 50% of individuals with an ACL or meniscus tear develop knee osteoarthritis. As cited in Liang (2010), Thelin and colleagues determined that injury of the knee joint was associated with all knee osteoarthritis in a case-control study of Swedish adults of ages 51 to 70 years old. Elevated prevalence of knee osteoarthritis following trauma underlines the importance of improving population health in addition to increasing efforts toward preventing knee injury and improving management of injury. Approximately ten years ago, the prevention of knee injuries was projected to yield 14 to 25% reduction in the onset of osteoarthritis. The objective of this research is to help athletes reduce their risk of early onset joint degeneration...

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