Otto Frank: The Holocaust Survivor Essay

1384 words - 6 pages

Throughout the holocaust, many Jews survived by going into hiding to escape the harsh fates and realities that would otherwise await the opressed. The Diary of a Young Girl allows readers to witness and experience a small idea of what Jews in hiding during the holocaust suffered. Some may have lost one's life, but Otto Frank, Anne's Frank's father, survived the holocaust through hiding. The secret annex became the shelter for Otto Frank, his family, and several others Jews starting July sixth, 1942(www.annefrank.org). The annex provided a barrier from the Nazis and death camps for two years before the Gestapo discovered the Franks and others and sent the Jews to concentration camps for the remainder of the holocaust(www.ushmm.org). The others in hiding with Frank lost their lives, leaving Otto Frank the sole survivor from the secret annex. His time in hiding happened to save his life, making him a survivor of the holocaust(www.ushmm.org).
Otto Frank, born on May twelfth, 1889 in Frankfurt am Main in Germany belonged to a Jewish liberal family with three siblings(www.biography.com). He studied art history and economics at the University of Heidelberg, eventually leading him to working at a bank and then to accepting an internship position at Macy's Department Store in Manhattan. His father's death held him back from gaining the business experience he longed to discover at first, but determined the young Otto Frank continued his business(www.biography.com). In 1911, Otto Frank left America for his home in Germany, and eventually during 1914, became conscripted into the German army on the Western Front and earned the title of lieutenant(www.annefrank.org). Once the war ended, Frank took over the family bank, married his first wife Edith Hollander, and had two children, Margot and Anne. By 1933, the rise of Hitler caused the Franks to relocate to Holland to avoid the dangers and problems of Hitler's power. Frank kept his businesses up, establishing Opeka Company in 1936, and his second company Pectacon two years later. Unfortunately, Hitler's influence and rule had begun to spread rapidly, troubling the Franks and other oppressed groups(www.biography.com)
Germany invaded Hollad in 1940, and Otto Frank had to appoint his Dutch colleagues as the official owners of his business due to German rule dictacting no Jewish owned businesses(www.biography.com). Frank, running his business behind the scenes as Mr.Kleiman and Mr.Kugler act as the front running men, worked hard and minded the harsh laws set by Nazi Germany(www.annefrank.org). Once 1942 hit, Otto Frank had planned in depth an escape plan, arranging a hiding place in the abandonned house behind his company with help from Kleiman and various other members of his staff. The solid plan he crafted of going into hiding on July sixteenth to avoid work camps and harsh laws went smoothly, until further complications arised(www.annefrank.org). Margot Frank, Otto Frank's eldest daughter, received a...

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