Ottoman Architecture Essay

1023 words - 4 pages

There are few things that actually do last. Legends, arts, beliefs, and architecture are among the few that actually do last. Architecture can be defined as a practice of constructing and designing a building project. However, the Islamic architecture has a distinctive range of both religious and secular styles that have been influenced by the Islamic culture. Furthermore, The structure of Islamic architecture that is used in mosques, tombs, palaces and fountains is unavoidable in sight. The relationship between early Islamic architecture and modern foundation of construction provides a penetrating overview of encompass of Islamic culture in Iran, Tunisia, India, and Turkey. However, Turkey was such a desirable region and preserved of the astonishing site of the structural design of the Ottoman Empire. Originally, the incredible mosques in Turkey have emerged from the wonders of Islamic art such as Suleimaniye Mosque. The sense of gorgeous decoration and quotations from the Quran on the mosque’s interior walls is typically Islamic. The marvelous design of the Ottoman architectural design persists its flourishing in the present day with a combination of luxury and modern art. One of the best examples in modern life is Zabeel Saray Hotel in Dubai, which has the perfect harmony between the old Ottoman architecture and modern luxurious hotel.
As the Ottoman Empire emerged, it brought up its own distinctive touch on culture from literature, art, music and most importantly architecture. Ottoman architecture is considered a blend of Islamic Mamluk traditions, Byzantine architecture as well as Iranian architecture. Building techniques at that time were very advanced, architects were able to balance between inner and outer spaces in a beautiful way. Most buildings at that era consisted of immense inner spaces and huge domes. Ottomans were famous for their luxurious palaces, magnificent mosques, hammams and mausoleums. The main building materials used in Ottoman architecture were baked brick, tiles, plaster, stained glass and clear glass, cut limestone, marble and wood. The most significant architect during the Ottoman Empire’s reign was Mimar Sinan. Sinan was the imperial architect of 3 Ottoman sultans, he was one of the advanced architects, he developed an acoustic design that made the echo clearer by doing special shapes of domes. According to Necipoglu (2005), during Sinan’s 50 years as an Imperial architect, he built a total of 477 buildings that range from mosques, colleges, bath houses, palaces, public kitchens and hospitals. His most known buildings are: the Suleiman Mosque in Istanbul, the Selimiye Mosque in Edirne and Bath of Roxelana.
During the ottoman empire, many masterpieces were built. One of the monumental buildings of the ottoman empire that is still remaining is the Suleymaniye Mosque. The Suleymaniye Mosque was designed by Sinan in which he tried to include the best features of Hagia Sophia in to an Islamic building (Sacred...

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