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Ottoman Empire Essay

1025 words - 5 pages

The Ottoman Empire started as a small Turkish state and turned out to be something major. However, this Empire was one of the biggest empires in history. The Ottoman Empire had many problems along the way. The Ottoman Empire’s features and foundation lead to the growth, but the Empire still fell.
The Ottoman Empire was one of the World's Largest Empires. The Ottoman Empire is also referred to as the Turkish Empire. It is the most powerful and long-lasting empire in history. The Ottoman Empires primary source was to increase the Islamic teachings of its leaders (The Ottoman Empire). Many areas of present-day Europe were included in the Empire. Turkey, Egypt, Greece, Bulgaria, Romania, Macedonia, Hungary, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria were some of the places included in the Empire. Part of the Arabian Peninsula and North Africa was also included (The Ottoman Empire). The empire was one of the largest to rule the borders of the Mediterranean Sea. It was founded in 1299 by Osman I after many breaks down that happened between several Turkish Tribes. This empire had many capitals. Sögüt was the capital of the Empire in 1299 until 1326 (Turkey The Ottoman Empire…). Bursa controlled the area from 1326 through 1365. Edirne controlled the Ottoman Empire from 1365 until 1453. Last but not least was Istanbul which controlled the area from 1453 through 1922. The Ottoman Empire was established by a tribe called the Oghuz Turk which was in Western Anatolia (Turkey The Ottoman Empire…).
The Ottoman Empire was a total of 780,580 square kilometers. The land was 770,760 square kilometers and the water was 9,820 square kilometers of the total. The area all together was slightly larger than Texas (Turkey The Ottoman Empire…). The Empire had hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters but the climate there was mainly temperate. The area was mostly mountains but it also had narrow coastal plains and high plateaus. The Ottoman Empire contained many natural resources such as antimony, coal, chromium, mercury, copper, borate, sulfur, iron ore, arable land and hydropower (Turkey The Ottoman Empire…). The people of the Ottoman Empire spoke what you call Ottoman Turkish. There is three variations of this language Eloquent Turkish, Middle Ottoman Turkish, and New Ottoman Turkish. Middle Ottoman Turkish was used for the famed Ottoman Poetry and it also was used for administrative purposes. The New Ottoman Turkish began in 1850s and was influenced a lot by the Western culture and journalism. They had a population of forty million people or more. The main goal of the leaders in the early days of the Empire was to expand. Under Osman I, Orkan and Murad I Bursa was when the earliest phase of expansion happened to the Ottoman Empire (The Ottoman Empire). This Empire replaced the Byzantine Empire in the Eastern Mediterranean as the major power. Under Suleiman the Magnificent the Ottoman Empire reached its height. And they also regained their power under Muhammed (The Ottoman...

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