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Ottoman Empire Vs. France Essay

1112 words - 5 pages

When the last Carolingian, Louis the Child, died in 911, the dukes decided to elect one of their own to lead the German people. They choose the weakest of them Conrad of Franconia. He ruled for about eight years and when he was on his deathbed he asked for the strongest of the dukes Henry the Fowler to be his successor. Henry the Fowler ruled until 1024, under him the German empire became the most powerful western state in Europe. When Henry the Fowler died his son Otto I took over as the king of Germany. Through an alliance with the church, Otto constructed a German monarchy. He eventually made his way to Italy and proclaimed himself the king of Italy as well. On his second trip to Italy ...view middle of the document...

After the French victory at the Battle of Bouvines in 1214, the English monarchs maintained power only in southwestern Duchy of Guyenne.
The Ottoman Empire developed a highly advanced organization of state over the centuries. Even though it had a very stable government with the Sultan as the supreme ruler, it also had effective control of its provinces and the population, as well as its officials. Wealth and rank wasn’t something that you could buy or persuade yourself into, the things that would lead you into power had to be earned and it wasn’t an easy thing to obtain. The key to really rising in the Ottoman Empire was military service, with the empire expanding and the need for more administrative organization raised. They developed a kind of separation of powers with higher executive functions carried out by the military authorities.
The Ottoman Empire consisted of four social classes; men of the pen: highly educated; scientists, lawyers, judges and doctors, men of the sword: military personnel, men of negotiation: merchants, artisans and tax collectors, men of husbandry: farmers and herders. Slavery also played a part in determining your social class. Many slaves were Georgians, Armenians, Syrians, Nubians, or people from other countries that were captured during war. It wasn’t uncommon for slaves to be officials captured from places that they had concord. There social classes also determined their rights and what they were entitled to, for example a person from higher class didn’t always inherit their parent’s rights just because they were the rightful eire. The fastest way to really climb the social ladder was to serve military time, most of the time someone could climb to the next social class at least. Another example would be how men of negotiation were exempt of taxes and government, because that was one of the rights that their class gave them.
Most people in towns and cities were free peasants or escaped serfs who did unskilled labor. Unskilled laborers were the lowest of the urban social hierarchy. Many towns and most cities had been special legal charters granted by the king, prince, or archbishop. These legal charters gave the town or...

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