Our 21st President, Chester Alan Arthur

854 words - 4 pages

Chester Alan Arthur, 21st president of the United States, lived during the years of 1830-1886. He was a post-Civil War president. During this era of history there was a shootout at the OK Corral in Tombstone, Arizona in 1881. William F. Cody, Wild Bill, organized a Wild West show. John Roebling completed the Brooklyn Bridge. This was a time of change for the United States as it rebuilt after the Civil War.
Chester Arthur was born on October 5, 1829 in Fairfield, Vermont. His father, William Arthur, was a native of Ireland. His mother, Malvina Stone Arthur, was from Vermont. During his childhood the family moved from church to church around Vermont and upstate New York. Chester was ...view middle of the document...

As the tensions between the north and south increased, Chester joined the New York State Militia. He never saw combat, but did serve as quartermaster for the state of New York, and was responsible for organizing food and supplies for the Union soldiers. After the war was over Chester Arthur was appointed the customs collector for the Port of New York by President Ulysses Grant. A Republican political boss named Roscoe Conkling was an important supporter for Arthur and helped him earn many important positions. He managed many employees and improved his adminiatrative skills.
His law career and connections with the Republican Party boosted his political career. In March of 1881 he was elected vice president under James Garfield. In July of that same year Garfield was shot and later died which made Chester A. Arthur the 21st president of the United States. Mark Twain himself was quoted as saying, “…It would be hard to better President Arthur’s administration...” (Answers.com;) His cabinet was efficiently run which helped keep his administrative budget in check. Historians view this time in history as an era of transition. President Arthur’s domestic affairs included tariff reform to trim tariffs by 20 to 25%, reforming civil service policies, limiting expenditures, Chinese immigration reform, and renovating the white house. This was a very busy era for civil reform. It was the beginning of the feminization of American politics, and the end of women’s suffrage and temperance. The black vote in America was...

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