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We Are A Nation Of Domination The Black Panthers

1248 words - 5 pages

We Are a Nation of DominationTable of ContentsWe Are a Nation of Domination1Table of Contents1Introduction2History3Founders3Purpose4Tactics5Demise7Works Cited8Sean SchaeferOctober 6, 2003CS131 Mon/Wed 3Word Assignment 3IntroductionThe 1960's was a period of turmoil and reaction in America. People were protesting for equal rights, against the war, and many other things. But one thing is for sure, they all wanted to be heard. Many people and groups were protesting the Vietnam War. Others like African Americans and women were struggling to achieve civil rights, and who could forget about the gay movement. However, one of these social movements had a more influential and important impact than the others. Indeed it was the Black Panthers.The Black Panther Party was a progressive political organization that stood in the vanguard of the most powerful movement for social change in America since the Revolution of 1776 and the Civil War: that dynamic episode generally referred to as The Sixties. It is the sole black organization in the entire history of black struggle against slavery and oppression in the United States that was armed and promoted a revolutionary agenda, and it represents the last great thrust by the mass of black people for equality, justice and freedom.HistoryFoundersThe Black Panther Party was the manifestation of the vision of Huey P. Newton. In October of 1966, in the wake of the assassination of black leader Malcolm X and on the heels of the massive black, urban uprising in Watts, California and at the height of the civil rights movement led by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Newton gathered a few of his longtime friends, including Bobby Seale and David Hilliard, and developed a skeletal outline for this organization. It was named, originally, the Black Panther Party for Self Defense (see Figure 1 - A tree they fought for. "The BPP's chief mission was to enforce civil rights laws and constitutional guarantees, a task the Southern movement had neglected. In particular, they engaged in 'patrolling the police' and informing black people of their rights when facing arrest. This activity led to a sensational shoot-out in the Oakland ghetto during which Newton allegedly killed a white cop. Convicted of manslaughter, the Panthers launched an all-out campaign to 'free Huey' that eventually won his release."PurposeThe Panthers also focused heavily on reading and intellectual work, while their policy of serving the people ensured that their abstractions were grounded in community needs. The models for some of today's student breakfast programs and health clinics were set by the Panthers. At the street level, the Party began to develop a series of social programs to provide needed services to black and poor people, promoting thereby, at the same time, a model for an alternative, more humane social scheme. These programs, of which there came to be more than 35, were eventually referred to as Survival Programs, and were operated by Party members...

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