This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Should People Living In More Affluent Countries Have The Moral Obligation To Provide For The Poor In Other Parts Of The World

1512 words - 7 pages

In this paper I will look at the argument made by Peter Singer in his paper, “Famine, Affluence and Morality” which advocates that those people living in more affluent countries have a moral obligation to provide assistance to the poor in other parts of the world. I will first outline the basic premise of Singer’s argument supporting this moral obligation and whether it is a sound argument. Secondly, I will look at an alternative view provided by Garrett Hardin in his paper, “Living on a Lifeboat”, which suggests that maintaining one’s own self-interest is more important and, in fact, necessary to prevent our own downfall. Finally, I will show why, in principle at least, I support one of the ideas put forth by Hardin and why it allows for some charity while at the same time acknowledging the limitations of aid.
Singer believes that coming from the benefit of an affluent society we are morally obligated to provide aid and assistance to those in the world who do not share our level of comfort, but are actually suffering from lack of the necessities of life. Singer states, “If it is in our power to prevent something bad from happening, without thereby sacrificing anything of comparable moral importance, we ought, morally to do it.” (Singer, 2013, p. 684) What Singer is trying to say is that providing aid to those who require it should be an automatic response and that if we are able to provide such aid, we are obligated to do so. What is not so easy to know, however, is how much we should be willing to give and when to give. Problems arise based on many factors which I will attempt to explain why this is a problem.
First, often we make statements such as, if everyone was willing to give the same small amount, say $5.00, there would be more than enough money to provide for relief for those suffering in dire conditions. (Singer, 2013, p. 685) In theory, this sounds like a wonderful idea, and although it might be true that if everyone was to give $5.00 to help those in need, the reality is that this is not realistic as the probability of everyone giving $5.00 is most unlikely. Another problem posed from this example of equal donations from everyone, it does not take into account the ability of individuals to pay more or less than the $5.00. This example does not seem to recognize that one individual may be able to pay $500, while another may only be able to pay $1.00 and have the same economic impact on the individual personal situation, that those who have more potentially are able to give more.
A second scenario which raises another issue, might be that instead of asking that everyone give a donation, is that everyone who is willing to donate should donate as much as they possibly can in order to make up for those who do not donate at all. (Singer, 2013, p. 685) This can also have unexpected results which I do not think the intent of Singer’s argument intend to create. This could allow for more money to be collected than is actually...

Find Another Essay On Should People Living in more Affluent Countries Have the Moral Obligation to Provide for the Poor in Other Parts of the World

Should the blame for the failure of the British Terra Nova Expedition (1911) be assigned to poor weather conditions and other external circumstances or Scott's leadership?

1956 words - 8 pages A. Plan of Investigation1.) Subject of investigation - Should the blame for the failure of the British Terra Nova Expedition (1911) be assigned to poor weather conditions and other external circumstances or Scott's leadership?2.) Methods of investigationa.) Much of the evidence shall come from the journals of the men of the expedition itself. These journals are the only primary source of the final critical legs of the journey.b.) Internet search

Explain the manner in which Irish people have been racialized in Britian and discuss the impact on people of Irish ethnicty living in that country

1685 words - 7 pages and dominant colonizing nations’ the grant to swell their economic coffers, safe in their moral freedom from considering the slaves as nothing more than atavistic beasts, placed there by God for the economic befit of the dominant ‘self’. The binary nature of the historical human creation of racialization, and the ensuing ‘Black - White’ dichotomy, through a further process of stereotyping and racism, has had far reaching consequences, continuously

"Governments should provide funding for artists so that the arts can flourish and be available to all people."

525 words - 2 pages expressing the negative of society such as bribe and scandal are always not welcomed by governments. by funding selective, the governments encourage some artists while disencourage the others.In conclusion, the government should not provide funding for artists so that the arts can flourish and be available to all people, at least not purposely.The funds from government will disbalance the discipline of competition and decrease the integrity of arts. arts are more powerfull than we thought, we should not worry about the vitality of them.

Some people think visitors to other countries should imitate local custom and behaviors. Other people disagree that the host country should welcome culture diversity. To what extend do you agree?

455 words - 2 pages respected in many occasions but not necessarily be followed blindly.The primary concern is given to the significance of one's national traditions and heritage that has been passed down. It is important because all these customs has undergone thousands of years of practice and become the treasure of a nation. For instance, the eating tradition in many areas and regions such as people eat red eggs when they have a new baby, eating jiaozi--a kind of Chinese

Discuss why other countries (other than Australia) have had more success in programs that target Indigenous health

1613 words - 7 pages Based on annual reports for indigenous health in America, Canada and Newzeland, Indigenous health program in these countries has achieved markable achievements from last decade. Causes to the success of programs that target indigenous health in these countries could be concluded from the following: reduce political and cultural barrier, by ensuring equity for indigenous people regardless of gender, status and place of residency; providing

America Must Provide Foreign Aid to Poor Countries

2239 words - 9 pages moral obligation to help those less fortunate than ourselves.  It is unfair that 80 percent of global GDP of $30 trillion accrues to only 20 percent of the world's population and the remaining 80 percent of the people only have a 20 percent share of world income.               Although it is unrealistic to expect that Singer's proposition, that we give ten percent of our annual income to aid the poor, will be implemented in full, I

Why should the internet have more restrictions?

915 words - 4 pages websites that showed terrorism, war, and death. As a teenage female living in a virtual world, I know for a fact that anyone has access to view pornography or violence at the click of their finger. Even relaxing on social media websites have become a danger to the minds of youth from all the inappropriate ads that pop up to the side. I believe the government should restrict internet content because child pornography, hate speech, and websites inciting

Should The Police Have More Power?

959 words - 4 pages We live in a country with many freedoms. We each have many rights that citizens of other nations do not have. With all these rights and all these freedoms, there is a need of regulation. At one moment the police officer is a hero, the next a monster...to people in trouble he is a savior..to criminal suspects he is a demon (Geller 53). The police in this country protect citizens everyday and yet need protection themselves. Police officer have the

Should developed countries provide debt relief to indebted African countries?

1943 words - 8 pages , the people of these countries suffer or even die because their governments are not able to comply with these 'conditionalities'. Essentially, this has become a moral issue - why should 2 billion people's lives be in jeopardy because the rich developed countries want to make more money? It has been theorised that debt cancellation will have no significant effect on the world's economy, "... the external public debt of the DCs involves a sum much

The University of California Riverside Should Have More Lights

1069 words - 5 pages there is risk for assault. The students will not only feel safe walking around campus, but they can concentrate more on their education, it's easier to see what's around them, and the areas won't look abandoned and more people will walk around those areas. By having more lights around campus, students don't have to worry about their safety and concentrate on their education. In "Preliminary Examination of Safety Issues on a University Campus

Should We Interfere With Laws In Other Countries?

651 words - 3 pages trying to make them do something instead of letting them decide what is best for their country on their own.Although the issue of the "Sharia" law should be taken seriously, there is little that our government can do since it is not in our country. We should not forget what it would feel like to be in their shoes. If the islam government tried to change our laws, we would not want to listen to what they would have to say. Also, if our government

Similar Essays

Wealthy Nations Have A Moral Obligation To Educate Poor Nations

3669 words - 15 pages The most substantial and important ethical problem of the 21st century will be the correction of the vast and undeniable imbalance of the possession and consumption of the world’s material, economic, and cultural resources. In this paper, I will argue that the primary long-term moral obligation the world’s over-privileged have to the underprivileged is to provide those in need with the means necessary to develop a foundation for fair future

Should The United States Help Other Countries?

1694 words - 7 pages guerilla warfare to kill American soldiers. That's what America gets for sticking its nose into other countries' business (Snyder). So why does America keep policing the world? Maybe its because of the image America wants to have of peace and prosperity. It should be noted that no one ever appointed America to be the world's policeman. In fact, "The government's founding document, the Constitution, does not and could not do so." "By assuming that

Stress Is Now A Major Problem In Many Countries Around The World. Some People Say An Element Is Beneficial, Whereas Other Say That It Is The Cause

1076 words - 5 pages from it. “Stress aids survival, especially in cases when extraordinary effort can overcome real physical danger. Stress prepares the body to fight against or to escape from danger. This so called fight-or-flight response was particularly useful for prehistoric people who faced life-threatening predators”. (Ronald, 2014). The experience of Steve Kux and Warren Everal shows how amazing our emergency response system is in our bodies. When Steve

Should The Blame For The Failure Of The British Terra Nova Expedition (1911) Be Assigned To Poor Weather Conditions And Other External Circumstances Or Scott's Leadership?

1866 words - 7 pages A. Plan of Investigation1.) Subject of investigation - Should the blame for the failure of the British Terra Nova Expedition (1911) be assigned to poor weather conditions and other external circumstances or Scott's leadership?2.) Methods of investigationa.) Much of the evidence shall come from the journals of the men of the expedition itself. These journals are the only primary source of the final critical legs of the journey.b.) Internet search