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Our Security Umbrella: Department Of Homeland Security

2085 words - 9 pages

After the fear of terrorism grew in the United States do to the Al Qaeda 9/11 attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon, the US Government found a need for a centralized department that umbrellas all other agencies when it comes to homeland security. The U.S. Government found this umbrella agency with the passage of the Homeland Security Act by Congress in November 2002, the Department of Homeland Security formally came into being as a stand-alone, Cabinet-level department to further coordinate and unify national homeland security efforts. (Homeland Security) With the creation of the new Department of Homeland Security (DHS) the government had a pinpoint location for the collection and gathering of intelligence, control of policies that effect national security, and a no fail mission. The Department of Homeland Security started to engulf other agencies and created many more, a total of 22 agencies now fall under the DHS. The DHS is control of all areas that deal with national security which included but are not limited to coastal and boarder protection, domestic terrorism, international terrorism, protection of the American people, protection of key infrastructure, protection of key resources and respond to natural disasters.
The Department of Homeland Security as an umbrella department has taken in many organizations to complete their primary duties of national security. To complete their mission on boarder protection and movement from international waters the DHS had the U.S. Coast Guard assigned to it. “The Coast Guard has many duties, including the protection of coastal and inland waterways, environmental protection, the interdiction of contraband, and maritime law enforcement.” (White, 2014) Since the Coast Guard was part of the Department of Transportation it was transferred over to the DHS until a time of war is declared and moved under the Department of Defense. Other organizations that deal with the protection of our boarders are the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP). The CBP is vital and tasked to the patrolling more than 7,000 miles of Canadian/American boarders up north and 2,000 miles of Mexican/American boarder down south. The CBP additionally deal with protection of our air and sea ports. The custom aspect of the CBP prevents dangerous materials, which can be used for a “dirty bomb” to enter the United States; they also prevent the entry of terrorist into the United States by checking all passports and visas of everyone who enters our borders. In the same manner the Transportation Security Agency (TSA) controls the security and screen process within our internal transportation services. As most know the TSA primarily works with our airports even though they are also charged to security the railways and subways with in the country. The TSA has become more visible in their security of mass-transit locations over the last couple of years as they slowly make the move to subway systems, which has started in New...

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