It might seem ironic how in such a significant number of cases, the outcome of some specific actions is completely different from what is expected to be. The number of times that you puzzle yourself at how eccentric or unexplainable some causalities seem or how things might go precisely the way you want increases as you grow up. This unusual link of events leads to the ideas of destiny and fate. Some people claim that there is no such way of controlling your life because it has been planned out for you ahead of time in a precise and unchangeable way. Despite every effort and action one cannot escape from his fate. Others believe the complete opposite thing. According to them, your life is a matter of your own choices and decisions, and you are the only owner of your destiny. Marva Maynard Hobbs says that you should watch your thought, for they become words. Watch your words, for they become actions. Watch your actions, for they become habits. Watch your habits, for they become your character. Watch your character, for it becomes your destiny. While in the third chapter of Presbyterian Confession of Faith it is stated that God, from all eternity, did by the most wise and holy counsel of His own will, freely and unchangeably ordain whatsoever come to pass. (Presbyterian Confession of Faith, Chapter 3, Section 1). The contradiction between the two above mentioned quotes is presented similarly by two 24 century old literature works, Sophocles’ Oedipus the King and Aristophanes’ The Clouds.
In Oedipus the King, Oedipus is the main character and the whole tragedy is focused in his life. He grew up with the idea that he was the son of Polybus and Merope , the king and the queen of Corinth, until someone who had had a few drinks at a banquet claimed that true the story about Oedipus’s origin was never been revealed and all of his thoughts were only illusions. Throughout the play, Oedipus is determined to find the killer of the former King of Thebes, Lauis without knowing that actually the truth was going to implicate the very one seeking it. The tragic truth is revealed gradually, as Oedipus comes to know that he was the son of Iocssta and Lauis- murder of his father, husband of his mother and brother of his children.
On his determination to find out the truth, Oedipus the King relies on the belief that Teresias will help him using the gift of clairvoyance and on Apollo as well. But after the prophet points to the king as the polluter and the real murder of king Louis, Oedipus changes his point of view and adapts to the idea that human beings actually make their own fate and destiny is determined by them only. His idea of seeing humans not as gods’ puppets but rather has creatures with full independence of actions is supported by Iocasta, his wife and mother at the same time, who states how fate is random and neither prophet can predict it nor gods rule it.
Why should man fear since chance is all in all
for him, and he...