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Outcomes For Children Of Gay And Lesbian Parents

1691 words - 7 pages

Children of gay and lesbian parents have the same potential as other children despite living in a nontraditional household, a growing trend in America. Same-sex parented families face many struggles such as discrimination based on sexual orientation of the parents. Individuals who do not support same-sex marriage or same-sex parenting believe that the child will not be raised in a stable household. Multiple studies have confirmed that a parent’s sexual orientation does not heavily influence a child’s performance in school or their social behavior. While some individuals believe a male “father” and female “mother” are needed in the household to provide the best environment to raise a child, there is no empirical evidence that shows children with same-sex parents are raised in an unhealthy environment. Stereotypical, traditional households are not the standard anymore, so individuals must accept that children can develop in nontraditional households normally. The children of same-sex couples, although raised in different households from their heterosexual counterparts, excel just as easily in the social and academic spheres of life.
In order to understand the differences in heterosexual and homosexual households, it is important to understand what same-sex couples go through to start a family and the children they usually adopt. Gay and lesbian parents have multiple ways to start a family. Significant amounts of data are provided for couples that have adopted, as well as for lesbian mothers who have used donor insemination to have a child. General data from these types of households “indicates that children at all stages of development from these households are similar to their peers raised in heterosexual households with regard to their psychological well-being, behavioral problems, and peer relationships” (Lavner et al. 466). Even though children in homosexual households develop normally, same-sex parents are more restricted in their ability to adopt because of the discrimination they face by certain adoption agencies. Lavner states that gay and lesbian parents are more open to adopting a child with special needs, and often complete more transracial adoptions than heterosexual parents (466). Some of these children with special needs, stemming from traumatic past experiences such as abandonment by their biological, heterosexual parents, are more likely to be at high-risk for developmental hurdles because of these negative aspects of their pasts. Even though same-sex couples tend to adopt the more high-risk children from the adoption agencies, their children still develop at the same rate as other adopted children. This clearly shows same-sex parents are able to adequately care for their children and give them a proper environment to develop in.
When understanding a homosexually raised child’s social development, it is necessary to know some differences in the way the child is raised when compared to their heterosexual raised counterparts....

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