April 26, 2017
Violence is Vicious
I. According to James Gilligan, psychiatrist and author, “All violence is an attempt to replace shame with self-esteem.”
a. To Kill a Mockingbird, written by Harper Lee, and published in 1960.
b. The novel contains plenty of brutality, but prejudice plays a huge role in almost every scene.
c. Violence literally means “behavior involving physical force intended to hurt, damage, or kill someone or something.”
d. Violence is shown by many different characters in various ways; This is shown by the attacks against Scout and Jem, Tom Robinson, and Atticus.
II. Firstly, although Scout and Jem are young, cruelty is still shown towards them.
a. “Miss Caroline picked up her ruler, gave me half a dozen quick little pats, then told me to stand in the corner” (28).
i. After Scout annoys Miss Caroline while advising her that the Cunninghams are poor, Miss Caroline decided to punish Scout.
ii. This incident leads Scout to feel no sympathy towards Miss Caroline when she later buried her head in her arms while the class left for lunch.
b. “A burly man … grabbed Jem roughly by the collar. He yanked Jem nearly off his feet” (203).
i. The kids are not supposed to be secretly following Atticus to the prison, but their curiosity gets the better of them.
Consequently, Jem has a small scrap with another man.
c. “…there came a dull crunching sound and Jem screamed” (351).
i. Jem and Scout are walking home late at night, so Bob Ewell took this opportunity to strike the children in the hopes of killing them.
ii. Hence, Mr. Ewell breaks Jem’s arm.
d. “He slowly squeezed the breath out of me” (351).
i. Jem is down because of the pain from his broken arm.
ii. Mr. Ewell sees the chance to strangle Scout and takes it, but Boo Radley comes to save the day.
III. Secondly, Tom Robinson takes all the blame for a crime he did not...