This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Outline And Assess Sociological Arguments Of Changing Patterns Of Achievement By Gender.

1209 words - 5 pages

Historically, boys have always achieved more in education but since the early 1990s girls have begun to out-perform boys at most levels of the education system, including SATS, GCSE and A levels. Explanations for this change include reasons for female improvement as well as male 'failure'.A medical study of both male and female six-month-old babies was carried out in order to find out how much the brain responds to certain stimuli. When the children heard a variety of noises, the female response was a lot greater than any male response. This research suggests that from birth girls have a language acquisition which is naturally in place. Nevertheless this would mean that girls have always possessed this ability and yet why is it that only in the last decade girls have begun to achieve more than boys?The new service economy requires certain skills from its workers, inter-personal skills, communication, linguistic ability and organisation. All of which are essential and are most commonly thought of as female skills. These skills could arguably be biologically set in females or they could be a result of their upbringing, their socialisation and the way that they are nurtured from a young age, but either way, these skills have always been required for the top jobs so does not explain the recent demand for female employees.There is evidence to show that girls are more motivated and work harder than boys, putting more effort into their work and spending more time on homework. They take more care with the presentation of their work, are more organised and meet deadlines more successfully than boys. Whilst boys have a lot more freedom to go out and 'play', girls are far more protected in their 'bedroom culture'. Girls will stay at a friend's house and socialise and often do homework or study with friends. Also whilst boys will be active, girls will relate by talking and interacting. This puts girls at an advantage because school is essentially a language experience, and most subjects require good levels of comprehension and writing skills. Although this is too deterministic, how many girls never go out?Female improvement could have come about through the more positive portrayal of females in the media e.g. The Spice Girls 'Girl Power' and entrepreneurs such as Anita Roddick who established the 'Body Shop'. These powerful women provide aspirations for younger generations who have the opportunity to succeed also.There are increasing job opportunities for women in the service sector of the economy. Due to businesses that operate in the tertiary sector, jobs are suited to the working mother with temporary, flexible, part time hours. As Harris discovered in his study of 'Parental Regimes', many girls have mothers in paid employment who provide positive role models. As a result, girls recognise that the future offers them more choices, economic independence and careers are now a real possibility. However, there is also the possibility that working mothers could...

Find Another Essay On Outline and assess sociological arguments of changing patterns of achievement by gender.

'The hypodermic syringe model sees the media audience as passive and easily influenced and manipulated by the mass media.' Assess this,referring to sociological evidence and arguments

1296 words - 5 pages The hypodermic syringe model is a theory of media effect on audience. The term is used to describe interaction between the media and public belief, offering the concept of people becoming affected by the information 'injected' into them through their information medium. (For example, television viewers would have their minds injected with sex and violence after watching too many graphically violent programmes, and this would affect their views

Describe and explore patterns of achievement in society - University - ESSAY

1460 words - 6 pages Describe and explore patterns of absolute and relative achievement in education. This essay will explore the patterns of absolute and relative achievements in education. In this essay, I will explore the patterns of gender, ethnicity and class. Firstly, I will describe what absolute achievement and relative achievement is. Then I will explain the meaning of what equality of opportunity and a meritocratic society is in education and moving

Outline the arguments in favour of abortion

545 words - 2 pages Religious Studies - website)They also believe that if the pregnancy is a result of a rape, then abortion is the lesser of two evils, also if the mother's life is at risk, then abortion should be permitted."It is argued that in these tragic cases the great value of the mental health of a woman who becomes pregnant as a result of rape or incest can best be safe-guarded by abortion." (Christian are only a few of the arguments for abortion, there are many more.

The Main Function of Religion According to Sociological Arguments

961 words - 4 pages The Main Function of Religion According to Sociological Arguments Many sociologists believe that the main function of religion is to provide people with a code of conduct, which regulates personal and social life. There are two main theories to what role religion plays within society. One of these theories is the Marxist theory. Marxism sees society as superstructure. They believe that society isn’t peaceful and

Assess the sociological explanations of relationship between occupation and social class

2639 words - 11 pages Assess the sociological explanations of the relationship between occupation and social class.The term "Social Class" is widely used in sociology to differentiate the population on grounds of economic considerations, such as inequality in terms of wealth or income. An occupation is an individual's established choice of employment which provides most of the time a steady source of income.According to Karl Marx, the transition from feudalism to

Using accounts that you are familiar with examine and assess sociological explanations of the underclass

1070 words - 4 pages the reoccurring generations in this class group.Oscar Lewis (1966) argued that some people respond to their position at the bottom of the stratification system by forming subcultures in which poverty has become their way of life and they then crate their own values system to contribute to this fact, these values that are held are passed down from each generation to the next through socialization, the children then internalise these values and are

Trade unions: What they are. Arguments for and against. Affects of changing government. developments. etc

705 words - 3 pages was prompted by a deadlock in negotiations for an enterprise bargaining agreement. Sydney Ferries took the matter to the Industrial Relations Commission.An estimated 38,000 passengers had to find alternative transport when ferry masters and engineers walked off the job at 5am, leaving every one of Sydney's 31 ferries sitting in the docks.Resolution: Sydney Ferries Corporation said it was seeking an urgent hearing in the Australian Industrial

Outline and assess Penrose's 'Theory of the Growth of the Firm'

1697 words - 7 pages greedy and desire only money. This theory shows that firms will produce where their 'Marginal Costs' are equal to their 'Marginal Revenues' and that all factors affecting the firm are known, i.e. the industry has perfect knowledge. Under this assumption all factors remain unchanged i.e. the demand, supply and technology all remains at the same level and therefore the prices and outputs of the firm are defined by this equilibrium state of the

Outline Plato’s Arguments For The Distinct Existence Of The Soul

1235 words - 5 pages these arguments are opposed by monist theories best represented in the Phaedo by the philosopher Simmias and his analogy of the Lyre in which he presents the case that just as the instrument cannot produce harmony without strings neither can the body exist without soul. However, for the purposes of this outline the only conclusion can be that if we choose to reject the arguments for an immortal soul by discrediting Plato's theories the necessity

Sociology: Outline and assess left and right realist explanations of crime deviance

711 words - 3 pages origins of crime are misunderstood, that is policies aimed at tackling crime by removing social and economic inequalities. Wilson noted that the Great Depression in the USA did not result in a rise in crime. Another right realist explanation is that the welfare state has undermined our sense of obligation to support each other, andthat community controls, i.e. informal controls imposed by neighbours, family and peer groups are breaking down.Right

Arguments in Favor of Changing the Australian Flag

1383 words - 6 pages employs the device pathos. In le Marquand's subsequent paragraphs, she attempts to convince her audience to consider changing the national emblem through a logical reasoning, known as logos. She uses the Olympic Games and online comments’ to support her argument by using repetitive rhetorical questioning of Australian "ideologies". 'With those in favor of adopting a Union Jack-free flag promptly accused of being what else?’ ‘You want to change

Similar Essays

Assess The Usefulness Of Sociological Explanations For Patterns Of Educational Achievement

2657 words - 11 pages identical.The issue of curriculum and subjects taught has significant relevance when considering gender and racial inequalities in contemporary schooling, (though having been essentially ignored, or at least overlooked by issues relatig to class, attention has recently focused on these areas).The pattern of exam results at GCSE level, still reflects the "channeling" of girls into domestic subjects, arts and languages, and boys into technical

Outline And Assess The Importance Of Victim Surveys For Sociological Understanding Of Crime And Deviance

604 words - 2 pages abuse, sexual harassment and disputes between neighbours.Victim surveys are of continual importance to sociological research as the help to uncover the 'dark figure,' that is the vast number of unreported andunrecorded crimes. Such surveys give an understanding of the nature and extent of crime in the contemporary UK.

Assess The Sociological Arguments Regarding The Role Of Education In Modern Industrial Societies

1127 words - 5 pages There are a number of different interpretations of the function of education and how it is involved in our society today. From contrasting sociological theories, the role of the educational institution can differ greatly.Firstly the different functionalist theorists or the consensus theorists ironically agree on the whole in their views of education. Functionalists generally focus on the positive contributions education makes to the maintenance

Critically Assess Sociological Explanations For Inequalities In Health By Gender

1147 words - 5 pages Untitled Critically Assess Sociological Explanations for Inequalities in Health by Gender There are specific differences relating to gender in health, for example women live longer than men but spend more of their lives ill. Gender refers to the cultural classifications between men and women due to socialisation within our society, including behavioural differences and expectations. This is more than the separation of sex by male and