This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Outline And Discuss Some Of The Possible Causes Of Juvenile Crime.

1602 words - 6 pages

Introduction:Since as early as the 18th Century, there have been many theories as to the possible causes of juvenile crime. Scientific, biological, environmental and economical factors have all been put forward as singular explanations. Modern theorists however feel that one single factor is not likely to be the only answer. Most favour "multiple" factors. Multiple factors is a combination of influences that come into play together throughout the childhood of juveniles and this seems to be the most plausible explanation.The influences that make up the "multiple" factors theory are thought to be combinations of biological, psychological, cultural, economic and political.Below, I will discuss some of these influences that, when present in a child's life, can increase the chances of a child committing a crime.Theories:Family Factors:Children learn from their family. They learn right from wrong from the family around them. Parents and siblings that behave in an unacceptable manner lead to the child believing that this is "normal" behaviour. Research has shown that "children who have anti-social or violent parents are more likely to be anti-social or violent themselves" (p673) 1.Poor parental supervision often means that they do not know where or what their child is doing. They often find out about a child's involvement in anti-social or criminal behaviour via other people.Adding to this, parents that show little or no interest do not reprimand bad behaviour. This lack of discipline means a child does not relate their behaviour with any adverse consequences, and so has no fear of what the outcome of their bad behaviour will be.It has, however, been shown that harsh punishment is a predictor in future convictions. "40% of offenders had been smacked or beaten at age 11" John and Elizabeth Newson (1989, cited by Farrington)2Another indicator that a child may commit a crime is living in a family that already has an offender within it. Studies have shown that "having a convicted father, mother, brother or sister predicts a boys own convictions" Farrington et.al (1996, cited by Farrington) 3Child abuse: Child abuse is a very disturbing fact in our communities. Children suffering this kind of torment in their lives can feel very confused, lonely and frightened, often feeling they have no one to turn to.The effects that abuse can have on the child do include later anti-social and/or criminal behaviour.Abused children tend to leave home, and the situation, as soon as they can. This can lead to them ending up homeless. They may then turn to crime as a way of getting money and, in the case of girls, turn to prostitution. This seems especially true of sexually abused children (p204)4A study by McCord(1983, cited by Farrington)5 found that "about half of boys that had been abused or neglected were convicted of serious crimes became alcoholics, mentally Ill or died before age 35".It has also been suggested that abuse can foster feelings of anger and frustration...

Find Another Essay On Outline and discuss some of the possible causes of juvenile crime.

Outline some of the major changes that have taken place in family life since the 1970s and discuss the concerns arising from these changes

2385 words - 10 pages Outline some of the major changes that have taken place in family life since the 1970s and discuss the concerns arising from these changes.In the past many families were similar, as traditional nuclear families were the excepted norm of society. Since the 1970's a number of major changes have taken place in family life. The traditional nuclear family is no longer seen as the norm as many other types of specialist families have developed to best

Describe and discuss two possible causes of schizophrenia (one biological, one psychological) suggested by psychologists, making reference to empirical evidence in your answer

1488 words - 6 pages Describe and discuss two possible causes of schizophrenia (one biological, one psychological) suggested by psychologists, making reference to empirical evidence in your answer.Schizophrenia is probably the most serious mental illness recognized in the ICD (International Standard Classification of Diseases, Injures and Causes of Death). It is a disorder that causes the personality to lose its unity and occurs when thoughts and feelings become

Briefly outline some of the main models of oligopoly in which firms compete according to output. Hence, discuss the contention that non-collusion is the inevitable outcome of oligopoly

1495 words - 6 pages expand output the price will fall below the monopoly level. This means that each firm is a threat to the cartel, as they all wish to maximize profits.Since the firms in a cartel are likely to differ in size and face different cost conditions, it can be somewhat difficult to agree on the profit maximizing price and output. The cartel will have to come to some sort of compromise on the levels of price and output and it will not always suit every

AIDS & HIV the causes effects and types of possible treatments

1406 words - 6 pages AIDS means acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. AIDS is past from person to person. The disease attacks the immune system which is not strong enough to fight this deadly disease. The AIDS disease has a number of symptoms and conditions that come with it. HIV causes the disease AIDS. HIV means human immunodeficiency virus. A virus is a very small organism that gets into a person's body and makes a disease. The virus HIV also only affects humans

Causes of the Foreclosure Crisis and Possible Solutions

1345 words - 5 pages In addressing the national foreclosure crisis that which we are currently enduring, we must first acknowledge the reason(s) this crisis derived in the first place. In May of 1998, a Washington Post article cites: “Over objections of other financial regulators, [Greenspan, [Rubin and Levitt]] question[ed] sic whether unregulated derivatives contracts should get government oversight like exchange-traded futures contracts do.” 1 It is an economic

Possible Causes and Effects of Internet Addiction

1304 words - 5 pages followed by relief from the urge and finally guilt (guilt is only occasionally). So Internet addiction disorder has a lot of possible causes, and in my opinion it is an underlying symptom of something bigger and to be treated with psychoanalysis therapy, whatever the presenting problem, the person requesting help must demonstrate a desire to start an analysis. The person wishing to start an analysis must have some capacity for speech and

Causes of American Poverty and Possible Solutions

1551 words - 6 pages making a median income. These values are not necessarily inherent, but can be from the supposed ‘help’ of the government. Some of the poor’s perceived values from other Americans include a lack of determination and sparse discipline. Perception is not always the truth, though, as evidence suggests that the Flawed Character theory is discounted once more. Schiller (2008) cites Leonard Goodwin’s argument that, “’Welfare recipients do not differ markedly

The Most Prevalent Causes of Juvenile Delinquency

1287 words - 6 pages crime is a priority. Juvenile justice system researchers and professionals must gain a better understanding of the contributing elements that cause delinquent behavior. The study seeks to determine the most prevalent causes among the criminal population that induce a propensity for criminal behavior. There needs to be a balance among attributing behavior to specific causes, but strong causal designs of intervention programs can risk unsuccessful or

Some Causes of the Credit Crunch

1020 words - 4 pages to find out the reasons. Some of the reasons for it are • Decrease in bank capital: After a recession situation banks are not able to match the demand. The demand for loans rises. During the recession period banks incur loss. As a result they are not able to lend in the same way. So, when the demand peaks, banks are not able to generate it. This causes deficiency. It gives arise to a situation where “not only does the bank’s capital fall but the

Explore some possible ways society, government and the individual can help to alleviate conditions of poverty

641 words - 3 pages condition of human beings. Attacking the roots of the issue is the only way a chronic condition that poverty has become can be stamped out. On the governmental level, leaders of nations must be steadfast in their efforts to alleviate poverty. It is imperative that those in power must have the moral courage to remain committed to the war on poverty. They must be unwavering in their stance and must not bend to public pressure. A unified and active

The Causes an Consequences of Crime and Punishment

2058 words - 9 pages and with one twist turned it back so that it was in the same position.” (104). Then he, with the help of the devil, becomes sick throwing off all of his friends and family from the idea that he committed the crime. As Raskolnikov said “Why you are seriously ill, do you know that?” (106). The devil wants people to suffer as much as possible. Which Raskolnikov’s suffering is a perfect example of this. He knew immediately that he was in trouble when

Similar Essays

In An Essay Of Approximately 1500 Words, Outline And Discuss Some The Possible Causes Of Juvenile Crime?

1496 words - 6 pages Juvenile crime and how it affects our society.The increase in juvenile crime, highlighted by the proliferation of handguns in schools in America and in Britain knives, has caused some concern and has meant both the British Government and American States have had to take action. Within the past six months, a critical mass of public opinion has formed around the issue.These groups are categorised into violent, delinquent or social groups.Violent

Describe Some Of The Problems That Overpopulation Causes And Suggest At Least One Possible Solution

371 words - 2 pages are a lot of expenses like bills, schooling fees for children and food they have to pay..And due to this, they can not afford all.To overcome the overpopulation, governments have found some effective strategies, one of which is family planning. this policy has been put into practice for many years and shown a turnaround. Its primary content is helping the couple plan having children by using birth control.In conclusion, although the growth of population is continuing, we can expect an optimistic future thanks to the efforts all the governments have made. Once we find the right way to reduce the bad influence of overpopulation, our difficult problems will soon be resolved.

Discuss The Symptoms, Possible Causes And Treatments Of Schizophrenia And/Or Depression

1978 words - 8 pages coping strategy that is available to women. In contrast the male coping strategies are usually alcohol drugs and work, this will come up again later Some stressful life events may cause biochemical imbalances in the brain leading to mental disorders and can be classified as psychotic or neurotic depression.We will now discuss the symptoms and causes of depression, which are many and varied and were touched on earlier in discussing the problems of

An End To Bullying: A Look At Some Of The Causes Of Bullying And Possible Ways To Correct Them

1257 words - 5 pages longer just happens at school, but can happen any time through a text message or a Facebook post. Again, the best way to remedy this situation is through awareness. Just like awareness being raised in general at school, students should be able to discuss this issue with a trusted educator. When some type of cyberspace teasing is noticed, students need the ability to recognize it for what it is and be able to report the incident to school personnel