Outline The Causes Of Discontent Experienced By The Population In The 19th Century?

1923 words - 8 pages

In Britain during the early 19th Century, the country was going through many different changes. There was transformation occurring in Agricultural and Industrial trades. This then had consequence effect on the social standards of all the population. The dramatic change to the economical status in Britain gave rise to long and short-term problems. The traditional order of hierarchical was breaking down but the new forcing order the middle classes were not facing their responibility's of the growing population needs. There was no political enforcement to help deal with any problems. These developments were important changes but the problems that followed were not being dealt with and there was growing discontent among the people.Firstly, the Agricultural trade all over Britain had experienced the Enclosures since the 15th Century, during the early 19th Century this movement accelerated. Enclosure was the fencing or hedging-in of large areas this affected all farmers. There self-sufficiency was then taken away from them because all the farrow, waste and common land were enclosed. This took away grazing land for the animals, no place to cultivate and no fuel for heating and cooking. As B Hammond said "Enclosure had robbed him of the strip that he tilled, and of the cow that he kept on the village pasture."(B.Hammond, The Village Labourer, 1911.) For the cottagers and squatters their homes were being pulled down because they were built on wastelands. The Yeoman farmers had the legal right to keep their land, only if they could afford to pay for the enclosure and the hedging-in. Some sold their land; with this they changed to the industry trade and migrated to the new Towns. The others rented land or became farm labourers. The Landed gentry were the only people to gain from enclosures. According to E.P. Thompson "Enclosure (when all the sophistication's are allowed for) was a plain enough case of class robbery, played according to the fair rules of property and laid down by a parliament of property owners and lawyers."(E.P Thompson, The Making of the English Working Class, 1963.) They were able to increase their estates with common and wastelands. As the farm labourer's wages were so cheap they no longer paid for board and food. Many labourers died from starvation or cold. With the development of Agricultural machinery farm labours were not in demand as much.However in Textile and Metal industries the development of machinery increased work output, with larger factories and more work. As workers migrated to the new industrial towns, they soon became overcrowded and living standards were low. To quote from William Wordsworth "Meanwhile, at social Industry's command. How quick, how vast an increase" (William Wordsworth The Excursion, poem, 1814.) With not enough houses, overcrowding occurred, poor sanitation led to ill health and there were more labours, then there were jobs, which resulted the middle classes employing more and paying less. Working...

Find Another Essay On Outline the causes of Discontent experienced by the population in the 19th Century?

Imperialism in the 19th century Essay

1745 words - 7 pages There was a great deal of Imperialism in the 19th century, led by mostly westerners from Europe. Imperialism is the act in which one nation extends its rule over another. Imperialism had a substantial effect on the 19th century throughout the entire world by bringing upon changes to many different countries, for better and for worse, especially to Africa.Prior to the nineteenth century, westerners did interfere with many of the affairs of

Nervousness in the 19th Century Essay

1545 words - 6 pages Nervousness was a condition described, according to Dr. George M. Beard, “strictly deficiency or lack of nerve-force” (American Nervousness, vi) in the 19th century. Nervousness at the time, was commonly acknowledged and accepted, so much so that it was written into literature, such as many of Jane Austen’s works. Many doctors considered nervousness to be a “woman’s disease” meaning that women were the most afflicted by this condition. Doctors

Immigration in the 19th century

1472 words - 6 pages and her mother came to American when she was seventeen years old. Soon after their arrival her mother died of tuberculosis. The disease’s nickname was “the Jewish Disease” because “ a disease so prevalent in the dense Jewish ghetto of New York City”.7 Sadie found a job in a sweatshop working six days a week with a low paid income and often being sexual harassed by men at work. According to her, “She experienced sexual

Transportation in the 19th Century

587 words - 2 pages During the first half of the 19th century, improvements in transportation developed rather quickly. Roads, steamboats, canals, and railroads all had a positive effect on the American economy. They also provided for a more diverse United States by allowing more products to be sold in new areas of the country and by opening new markets. Copied from ideas begun in England and France, American roads were being built everywhere. In an attempt to make

Cholera in the 19th Century

2805 words - 11 pages Asiatic cholera is a deadly disease it is believed that it's carried by a micro organism called cholera morbus. This disease attacked Cardiff during the 19th century cholera started because of a problem with the water system in many areas in Cardiff. This deadly disease killed a lot of people. The question for this coursework is to see whether or not people were right to blame the Irish for the cholera epidemic in Cardiff.Below I have drawn a

Women's Independence in the 19th Century: The Story of an Hour by Kate Chopin

1167 words - 5 pages dominantly domestic figures, residing in the house to matronly care for children and tend to household duties not to be bothered with by the husband. It is important to note that men in this century were raised and cultivated to have a certain view of women, so they are not actually malicious as some might view them, they are simply products of their environment. It just so happened that women drew the metaphorical “short stick”. Socially and

Transportation In The First Half Of The 19th Century

513 words - 2 pages During the first half of the 19th century, improvements in transportation developed rather quickly. Roads, steamboats, canals, and railroads all had a positive effect on the American economy. They also provided for a more diverse United States by allowing more products to be sold in new areas of the country and by opening new markets. Copied from ideas begun in England and France, American roads were being built everywhere. In an

Describe the process of Italian unification in the 19th century

1899 words - 8 pages support of unification by the population was vital in the wars of unification. The armies led by Guiseppe Garibaldi were common Italians fighting for unification, versus the armies of Prussia who were basically fighting for expansion. Prussia unified Germany because it feared being swallowed up by Austria if Germany ever became unified, Piedmont started the process of unification because it saw how Italy was being occupied by foreign powers, and

The 19th Century Novel

1508 words - 6 pages The 19th Century Novel A Novel is defined as a long story about fictitious characters, written in prose as opposed to poetry. Novels were first written in the 18th Century so by the 19th Century, the novel, often in serialised form was an established form of entertainment which was also helped by the increased adult literacy rate over the whole of the 1800s. The idea of the novel had changed from being purely for the amusement of women

Negative Affects of Imperialism in Africa in the 19th Century

1913 words - 8 pages Throughout history, imperialism by one nation on another has had many negative influences on the nation being colonized. The legacy of European imperialism in Africa in the 19th century was negative. Imperialism negatively affected Africa politically, economically, and culturally. In terms of political changes, European imperialism negatively affected Africa. Firstly, European colonization created enormous conflict between colonists and the

The Sectionalism of the 19th Century

1330 words - 6 pages sectionalism that inevitably led to an American’s nightmare, a Civil War within the Union. The North was based on industrialism and the South on agriculture. Perhaps one of the greatest issues ever faced by the United States was that of slavery. The South had become extremely content with their way of life with slaves and the North were very against it. This caused many disagreements between the two regions and ultimately was one of the main causes of

Similar Essays

19th Century Immigration And Population Growth.

568 words - 2 pages After Jackson's first term of presidency, the nation began to double and triple in population each year. This was caused by a few different factors. In the mid- 19th century, the western frontier opened up to whoever wanted to move there. There was un-worked fertile land for farming, lots of animals to trap for fur, ice to fish in, trees to be lumbered, and many other money-making and trade inducing activities that had never been done before

Analysis Of Life In The 19th Century

1629 words - 7 pages In the 19th century, at least 80% of the population was working class, to be middle class you had to have at least one servant. In this century, the factory system replaced the system where people were working in their own homes or small workshops. This industry caused children to work a lot more than before. However, this was seasonal and therefore, they also had more time to play. Also women started to work more, for example in the factories

Women Of Australia In The 19th Century

806 words - 3 pages womens in the 19th centuryThere wase'nt much womens in Australia around the early 19th century. As we know the first people was to come in Australia was Captain Cook and then came the convicts who got sent from all the way from England. Although the ships contained male and feamle number of convicts, the number of feamle was not enough to balance the man and female population. After 1810 more convicts ship came with more mens but less amount of

Jews In The 19th Century Essay

1257 words - 5 pages , nearly half of the Jewish population of the world lived under Russian rule in the 19th. The area were most of the Jews had to live in the Russian Empire was called The Pale of Settlement. It was in the west of Russia in former Polish and Turkish lands. Russians didn't want the Jews moving into Russia. If they were not farmers, they were compelled by law to leave villages. They were banned from living near Russia's