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Outside Influences Caused Macbeth’s Downfall Essay

1260 words - 5 pages

All great leaders have their rise and fall. Some throw themselves into failure, some are pushed into it. Those who are pushed into it are usually influenced by evils around them. In the play, Macbeth by Shakespeare, the main character, Macbeth, is pushed to failure. The play takes place in Scotland and is about a young warrior who goes by the name Macbeth. Macbeth is told he would be a king by three witches. Macbeth kills the existing king and becomes a cruel, unjust king. He eventually goes insane and is killed and humiliated. Many may think Macbeth’s downfall was his own fault, those people are wrong. There were three main outside influences that were responsible for Macbeth’s fall. The first influence is his wife, Lady Macbeth, who seeks to be the queen and pushes Macbeth to pursue the crown. The second is Macbeth’s good friend Banquo who was with Macbeth when he was told he was to be king in the future. Banquo’s silence made Macbeth paranoid and that caused Macbeth to order his men to kill Banquo. This was a big cause in Macbeth’s insanity. The final influences are the three witches who drive Macbeth to kill Duncan, and they make him weak by letting him think he is invincible. Macbeth may have been a bad king, but he was not responsible for his collapse.
Macbeth’s downfall was partially caused by Lady Macbeth. Lady Macbeth’s influences made Macbeth feel like less of a man. One part of the play shows Macbeth being denounced as by his wife as she essentially calls him a coward for not wanting to kill Duncan. She says, “Woulds’t thou have that which thou esteem’st the ornament of life, and live a coward in thine own esteem, letting ‘I dare not’ wait upon ‘I would’, like the poor cat i’the adage.” (Act 1, Scene 7, Line 40-45) This quote shows Lady Macbeth manipulating Macbeth by questioning his manhood. She says he is holding back from being ambitious and he is acting cowardly in his actions. Lady Macbeth influences Macbeth in other ways as well, for example, after he kills Duncan she says, “Who dares receive it other, as we shall make our griefs and clamor roar upon his death.” (Act 1, Scene 3, Line 73) She reassures him by saying no one will suspect him because they will act the most shocked. This lets Macbeth relax and thinks less of his horrible crime and let him appear to be a victim because Duncan was murdered in his castle. This all relieved Macbeth and he let his guard down and started to be mentally unprepared for any battle that was to come. In closing, Lady Macbeth was a factor in Macbeth’s downfall because she pressured him into killing Duncan and reassured him after by saying nothing will happen.
Banquo’s knowledge of the three witches’ prophecy and his suspicion of Macbeth being the murderer lead to Macbeth’s downfall. When Macbeth and Banquo were confronted by the witches, they said that Macbeth was to be king. Later on when Duncan was murdered, Banquo became suspicious and this caused Macbeth to be scared. In the scene after...

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