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Outweighing The Ugliness Essay

1233 words - 5 pages

There are positive and negative sides to every event and the Industrial Revolution was no exception. There were many improvement accompanied by drawbacks during the industrialization. During the Industrial Revolution, new directions of science were taken, new ways of life were started, and new technologies were invented and these positive result of industrialization outweighed the pains it brought upon the people and environment.
With science taking a new direction, people became healthier as vaccines, pasteurization, anesthesia, antiseptics, and the importance of personal hygiene were introduced. With the scientific advancements, scientists were able to study deadly diseases more closely. After the germ theory was introduced, Louis Pasteur developed vaccines to combat rabies and anthrax and introduced pasteurization to killed disease-carrying microbes in milk. The discovery of vaccinations enabled people to become immune to the deadly diseases out in the world. Florence Nightingale introduced the necessary sanitary measures that each hospitals should take and Joseph Lister discovered antiseptics that should be used to sterilize instruments before being used to operate surgeries. After these introductions of sanitary measures in hospitals, the rate of patients who died of infection days after the surgery decreased. People were able to live longer and survive more diseases, consequently increased the population and supply of workers.
As cities started to industrialize, farmers crowded into cities for job opportunities. These farmers became factories workers or miners who faced harsh conditions as they were packed into tenements with no running water, sewage, or clean drinking water. Besides their harsh living conditions, factory workers often have to spend sixteen hours straight for six or seven days a week operating dangerous machines with low compensations. With Social Darwinists as factory owners, the workers rarely got any breaks and exhaustion caused frequent maiming accidents. In addition to being maimed, many workers developed lung diseases by inhaling lint in the unventilated factory air and workers with physical conditions were laid off. Worst of all, women in the factories were burden with factory work and house work. Suffering from exhaustion and diseases from the factory works, women went home to face problems, such as clothing, food, and children. Furthermore, the conditions in the mines were worse as miners faced the dangers of explosions, flooding, and collapsing tunnels. Women and children were hired to carried heavy loads of coal on all fours, remained in the dark to open air vents, and hauled coal carts in extreme heat. Taking a step back to see the bigger picture of the entire Industrial Revolution, these harsh conditions were alleviated by the government when laws that banned child labor and reduced the working hours per worker were passed. The government also started the urban renewal project to rebuild the poor areas of a...

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