In 2011, our world population reached a staggering 7 billion. Before then, our population was already concerned about limited resources and paranoia about the future. Many were and still are “going green.” Amongst coming to a population of 7 billion came the term overpopulation. The term basically speaks for itself, we might be over populated. But, is overpopulation a problem; if so, what can we do about it? Today, I will be presenting about overpopulation, including statistics, and the effects taken on the economy. Along with talking about the issue, I want to present to you possible solutions which may even take us back in history.
Overpopulation can be defined as the comparison of our population and the amount of resources used. We are overpopulated and have too many people for our amount of resources. “It seems we are running out of room on this planet of ours” (Flostro,1).
Our birth rates climb and we get bigger and bigger. We have our biggest issue, overpopulation. Many believe that expanding our areas and cities are the answer to any overcrowding issues. The more we expand the more natural resources we use. We are rapidly losing our natural resources (Flostro, 1).
On Earth our fresh water supply is disappearing. “There is more people consuming water, however, than being replaced” (Flostro, 1). Along with our fresh water disappearing so is our biodiversity. “As the population grows there is more demand for certain plants” (Flostro, 1). The damper on our biodiversity comes from the rapid demand for plants, trees, food, and crops. Landfills are also taking up lots of space and many communities are running out of room for their waste.
I decided to look into this theologically and read Kristen Johnston Largen’s article titled “The Theological Problem of Overpopulation.” In her article she gives us information on the population increase in the last 200 years:
The growth of the world’s population has picked up speed dramatically in the twentieth century: in 1880, the world’s population was 1 billion; in 1930, it was 2 billion; in 1960 it was 3 billion; in 1974, it was 4 billion; in 1987, 5 billion; in 1999, 6 billion; and now in 2011, 7 billion (Largen, 12).
Along with the population growing rapidly, the lifespans of the population are increasing. “In 1950, the global average lifespan was 50 years; now, in 2011, it is 69 years (Largen, 12).” We come to realize that we have a rapid growing population because people are living longer because of advances in health and living. We have plenty of land for people to live but we lack in balance. Many of us consume more than is needed while other lack in those resources in which the rest of the world is consuming. Largen calls this a “critical theological issue that demands our attention (13).”
The more people there are on the planet, the more we progress, the more we are consuming. There will be more rich and more poor, and less of the middle class (Largen, 13).
Now that we know what...