Overpopulation And The End Of The World As We Know It

2186 words - 9 pages

Many years ago, Aristotle discussed about the best size for a city, and arrived at a conclusion that “a big increase in the number of population would bring a level of poverty on the citizenry. Poverty will be the cause of all evils including sedition” (Overpopulation: Environmental and Social Problems, 2010). According to studies, human population is expected to reach 9 billion by the year 2050. On the economics point of view, as global population is predicted to grow and more countries become more developed, the demand for natural resources will also increase and may be greater than the supply. Much of the growth in population will also have strong economic growth, and this will occur in developing countries. As the per-capita income of these nations increase, the demand for raw materials for use in electronics, military, farming and urban development will also increase. Because of the global warming issue, green energy and green tech production are expected to rise in developed countries. Unfortunately, future supply of these natural resources may not be able to meet the increasing demand (Supply and Demand, 2013). This essay aims to explain what things could happen to the world if the demand for natural resources becomes greater than its supply due to overpopulation. Does overpopulation causes the demand for natural resources to be greater than the supply, and what things could happen as a consequence for this? Yes, overpopulation results in higher demand for natural resources and lower supply, while causing many economic problems across the globe.

What could happen if demand is greater than supply of natural resources - The inequality in the demand versus supply of strategic resources will result to a global problem. For a specific resource for example, if demand is much higher than supply, many countries will either have limited access to that resource, or nothing at all. Developing nations who want to use strategic resources for developing their own technologies will experience a noticeable deficit because resources become inequitably and unevenly distributed. As most industrialized countries will create a global demand, specific resources that they are not in control of will be exploited. Therefore, while developing nations are not containing deposits of a particular resource, they would not be able to have access to the resource because of economic pressures that industrialized nations will force on developing nations to export that resource. Inadequate supply of a strategic resource will also lead to inflation for both resources and the finished products where they are used. In economics point of view, high rate of inflation can have negative impact on the economic growth of a nation. Insufficient supply of strategic resources can also cause environmental and humanitarian problems. If the demand is much greater than the supply, a great monetary motivation may arise in order to increase the rate of production, not taking any...

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