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Overpopulation In The Herd Essay

1177 words - 5 pages

What do you prefer, big bucks or big bucks? Think it’s the same? Well it isn’t. Illinois has plenty of white-tailed deer as seen in the total harvest reports that the Department of Natural Resources releases at the end of the deer hunting season. Whitetail deer can be found anywhere from farms in even suburban neighborhoods. Illinois also has plenty of land set aside for forest preserves. Deer quickly repopulate and in ten years a herd that started with 10-15 deer can turn into 100-150 deer. Managing the herd is a necessity. In the state parks and forest preserves the government decides to hire sharpshooters, which isn’t necessarily a bad thing besides the outrageous amount of money it costs to take out just one deer. Shutting down the parks in the winter months when deer season is in and opening them to deer hunters would be the better thing to do. It creates revenue for the state and produces meat for the hunters that harvest a deer which maintains the herd’s population. Many hunters rely on deer meat to survive while some people just want horns. Hiring sharpshooters and biologists is not the way to go about harvesting these deer. Letting the citizens hunt the preserves is the way to go about it. With the sharp shooters harvesting the deer, the county loses money. With letting the citizens go in and hunt, the county makes money. That is why they shouldn’t allow sharpshooters to come in.
County parks or forest preserves, whatever people know them as, are in some instances the only place where deer can reside due to urbanization. The land is set aside to never become housing developments and stay the way it is for years to come. The land might be 40 acres or it might be over 400 acres. Any size acreage has the ability have deer on it due to the resources on that acreage as in water, woods and food, especially when it’s the only “wilderness” like places around. In the wilderness animals are to be found and they need to be hunted due to lack of natural predators.
With that being said, the wildlife will always be there and always going about their business which is life. Eating, sleeping, and reproducing or what the critters do because that is nature. Everything does. A female deer, doe, in only her first year of life will be able to give birth to a fawn. At two years of age, a doe can give birth to two fawns or twins. The numbers add up real quick. Deer are born in late April until the end of May. The breeding season starts around October depending on where the location is at and runs all the way through January. A herd that starts off with only ten deer can easily become one hundred deer in ten years. Managing the herd is a necessity.
Managing deer is quite easy. Planting evergreens and native grasses give place for a doe to raise her young in safety. Planting crops and fruit bearing plants provide food on top of the native grasses which also is forages for deer. The woods are full of nut bearing trees which give the deer extra vitamins and...

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