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Oversea Filipino Workers In Taiwan. Essay

1065 words - 4 pages

OVERSEA FILIPINO WORKERS IN TAIWAN1. Taiwan immigrant labor marketThe latest report from Philippine Overseas Employment Administration (POEA) stated that Taiwan, with only 9 deployed OFWs in 1985, surprisingly jumped to as the fifth (5th) top destination of Filipino workers in 2002 (after Saudi Arabia, Hong Kong, Japan, and United Arab Emirates). With new hires from Taiwan increase 60.36% also in this year, it can be said Taiwan is a growing market for Philippine manpower exporters.Taiwan's economy took off swiftly in the years of 1980s, causing local labor to shift away from low paid, low status and so-called 3D jobs (dirty, demeaning and dangerous). As a response to serious shortages of unskilled and semi-skilled labor, Taiwan government first opened its labor market by permitting major construction projects to deploy foreign workers in October 1989. Since then, more and more labor from Thailand, Indonesia, Philippine, Malaysia and latest Vietnam have arrived Taiwan to work in manufacturing, construction, and other home services like maids and care-givers. Until April 31, 2003 there are 252,858 overseas origin workers in Taiwan dominated by around 39% of Thais.Table 1: FOREIGN LABOR IN TAIWANApril 31, 2003Source: Taiwan Council of Labor AffairsSectorTotalPhilippineThailandIndonesiaVietnamNumber "Number "Number "Number "Number "Manufacturing 147,942100.00 42,79928.93 83,28156.29 8,6775.87 13,1748.90Caregivers 84,349100.00 15,94618.91 2,1432.54 41,89049.66 24,36928.89Construction 12,363100.00 930.75 12,10197.88 200.16 1491.21Maids 3,345100.00 1,06331.78 992.96 1,85055.31 3339.96Sailors 3,039100.00 42513.19 60.20 59019.41 2,01866.40Others 1,820100.00925 50.82 68837.80 814.451116.10Total 252,858100.00 61,25424.23 98,31838.88 53,10821.00 40,15415.88At the beginning, Taiwan employers had been in need of foreign manpower so much that they even paid for the air tickets among other benefits to attract workers. However, more suppliers entered the market later gave them more options and hence, the market became more demanding. Still, Taiwan is an attractive working place because of the existing gap in basic salary between Taiwan those Southeast Asian countries.2. Oversea Filipino workers in TaiwanFilipinos started working in Taiwan as undocumented workers long before the Taiwan government opened its labor market. After formal agreement to import worker between Taiwan and Philippine, the number of OFWs in Taiwan grew rapidly from only 54 in 1990 to as high as 116,919 and later down to 46,371 in year 2002. The biggest percentage of Filipinos (69.87%) work as manufacturing technicians, along with colleagues from Thailand they dominate this sector. The second biggest portion takes care of patients or disable persons in the household, accounting for 26%. Though the official number of Filipina serving as maids is small because of quota limitation, in fact there are many Taiwan families make applications nominally for care-givers but actually asking them to help...

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