Public Health Problem:
There is no doubt that obesity has taken its seat as one of the top disease that strikes the world today. In America, obesity has now spread through the country leaving 2 out of 3 adults either overweight or obese, and worldwide 1.5 billion are overweight or obese (Overweight). The cause of this disease stems from multiple reasons such as the increase in modern food production, putting out ample amounts of food causing the prices for meat, groceries, and especially junk food to plummet. Subsequently, Americans especially were more inclined to purchase more food and showed an increase in the average American house hold food intake by 1,000 more calories a day (Dreifus).
Social media does not help in this situation either. America’s trending apps and media such as Instagram and Snapchat encourages others to try the food that they have. These social networks make it easier for others to share pictures that glamorize very unhealthy food that might seem appealing but have a harmful effect on the body. Studies show that social norms highly impact the individual’s decision whether they are with friends or not. The study conducted by Dr.Robinson, PhD, of the University of Liverpool, concluded the environment plays a huge role in the trend. He saw that that people are more willing to eat the types of foods that others choose and the portions that they choose because social identity is guided by its community. If the community were to eat unhealthy foods then the person would eat unhealthy foods but if the community eats healthier then the person would eat healthier to maintain a consistent sense of social identity (Robinson). Community influences play a huge role all over the world and has the same effect on its inhabitance whether it be from Africa or from Canada, all countries are seeing an increase in obesity rates correlating with social norms.
Modern technology such as cars, televisions, and computers also plays a part in how quickly the epidemic is spreading. Convenient technology immobilizes the person and makes them inactive by restricting physical activity. Adults and children are taking up more hours in front on a television screen than outside playing sports. The final fact that caused the rise of this epidemic is centered on the low income community and because they do not have a high income they are not able to afford many of the healthy foods at grocery stores or are not educated on how to prepare healthier foods.
All of these factors contribute to the higher calorie intake. Sadly, there are numerous risks of being overweight and obese. These risks include coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, type 2 diabetes, abnormal blood fats, metallic syndrome, cancer, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea, reproductive problems, gallstones, and many other risks (National). The dangers also include risks that children can develop (L.Husdon) "This effect could give them a head start on their normal and even overweight...