Overview Of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Essay

2388 words - 10 pages

Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever is becoming a major disease in many countries, but especially in Montenegro. Montenegro may not seem like a big concern, but they are in dire need of your assistance. The Organization for the Prevention of Diseases among Developing Countries would be the perfect charitable organization to help me raise awareness and help me to fight to suppress the Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever in Montenegro. Before I explain to you my proposal for treatment and prevention of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever, I would like you to better understand this disease.
“Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever is one of the most widely distributed viral hemorrhagic fevers” (Crimean-Congo, 2007). “It is very common in Africa, the Balkans, the Middle East and Asia; in countries south of the 50th parallel north” (WHO, 2013). This disease is transmitted from ticks and livestock animals. Sheep, cattle, and goats are typical hosts of the Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever. “These animals become infected by the bite of infected ticks and the virus remains in their bloodstream for about one week after infection, allowing the tick-animal-tick cycle to continue when another tick bites” (WHO, 2013). Although many different types of ticks are capable of being vectors, the most common tick vector for Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever is the Hyalomma tick. The Hyalomma ticks store the virus in their bodies as well as pass it on to animals and humans. (Crimean-Congo). Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever can be deadly when a human is infected, but may not be apparent in an animal (Crimean-Congo, 2007).
“The Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever virus is transmitted to people either by tick bites or through contact with infected animal blood or tissues during and immediately after slaughter” (WHO, 2013). “The virus can be passed on easily by getting the infected blood in a cut you may have. The virus can also be passed on in hospitals due to improper sterilization of medical equipment, reuse of injection needles, and contamination of medical supplies” (Crimean-Congo). “Another way the virus can be passed on is by Human-to-human transmission resulting from close contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected persons” (WHO, 2013).
There are many different symptoms to alert someone if they possibly have the Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever virus. “The incubation period following a tick bite is usually one to three days, with a maximum of nine days” (WHO, 2013). Usually five to six days, sometimes even up to 13 days are required for the incubation period after being exposed to infected blood or tissues (WHO, 2013). “The onset of the Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever is very sudden. Some symptoms include headache, high fever, back pain, joint pain, stomach pain, and vomiting. Red eyes, a flushed face, a red throat, and petechiae (red spots) on the palate are common. Symptoms may also include jaundice, and in severe cases, changes in mood and sensory...

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