A Review of Leadership in Nursing related to Clinical Nursing Practice
Abstract: Leadership in Nursing has become a major issue in health care settings and in management. Leadership in nursing is a wide in nursing field which includes different aspects. The aim of the review if the literature is to analyse the why nurses enter in the leadership in nursing and leadership in clinical nursing area to enhance the patient outcomes and to improve the quality of the service provided to the patients. This review includes studies from National Health Services in United Kingdom, University Hospitals of Leuven, Belgian Ministry of Social Affairs and Health Sciences of Sweden……………..?
Introduction: Nursing is a profession which has wide range of skills and practice such as clinical care, leadership, management and many more. Similarly, leadership in nursing is also has a wide range of skills which includes different parts of the leadership for example, leadership in management and leadership in clinical area. This review of the literature analyse the leadership in clinical area and why nurses enter in nursing leadership. The Australian health care system faces a national shortage of healthcare professionals, particularly nurses. This shortage is most manifested in rural and remote areas (Davidson, Elliott, & Daly, 2006). So, these challenges require energetic nurse leaders to shape and direct clinical practice to ensure optimal patient output. In present days International studies shows that nurses are increasingly dissatisfied with the hospital working environment (as cited in Dierckx, 2008). Several factors affect the working in environment of the hospital such as insufficient support from management, inadequate information flow from nursing management to nursing staff and lack of independence (as cited in Dierckx, 2008). These studies represent that to improve working environment in the hospitals and to satisfy the nursing staff that requires dynamic nurse leaders. The issue leadership in nursing is central to National Health Service modernisation strategy and policy in United Kingdom. The Department of Health has launched a number of major leadership initiatives in recent years in 1999, 2000 & 2001. These initiatives in practice includes clinical audit, risk management, user involvement, evidence based practice, continue professional development, management of inadequate performance & team building and team review (Hillward & Bryan, 2005). Studies and researches show that leadership is a major issue in the nursing profession and it is important to improve nursing practice for better patient outcomes and quality of care given. It was in this context I thought of reviewing the available literature regarding leadership in nursing. This review includes nurses enter in leadership in nursing and leadership in clinical nursing area.
Path to nursing leadership- In this school of Health Sciences, Sweden study the Bondas, (2006) analysed data collected...