Overview Of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Essay

2247 words - 9 pages

Introduction

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (the fourth most prevalent psychiatric disorder), is an illness marked by the presence of either one or both of the criteria for having obsessive thoughts and repeating compulsive behaviors in order to repress the anxiety that the thoughts provoke. Since first being observed in the17th century, major developments have occurred in the diagnosis and treatment arenas of the illness. Furthermore, “obsessive-compulsive disorder is associated with substantial direct and indirect costs, which are compounded by an absence of recognition, and by under diagnosis and inappropriate treatment” (Stein, 2002). With continued research and development of new technological advancements such as brain imaging, further significant progress toward its understanding and treatment efficacy is expected.

Discovery
Prior to being seen as a legitimate mental health issue, OCD was originally thought to be a consequence of unholy behavior first observed by Robert Burton as early as the seventeenth century. Although the discovery of the disorder cannot be narrowed down beyond its major contributors, Sigmund Freud (who originally suggested psychoanalytic treatment) made major progress toward the understanding of the illness in the beginning of the 20th century.

Symptoms
The known symptoms of Obsessive Compulsive disorder, as identified by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, include those of both obsessions and compulsions; as such, they may be categorized according to their prevalence. The common symptoms of obsessions (defined as: “uncontrollable, persistent thoughts, images, or impulses that an individual feels intrude upon his or her consciousness and that cause significant anxiety or stress” (Butcher, Hooley, & Mineka, 2014), include contamination, somatic obsessions, aggressive obsessions, sexual obsessions, multiple obsessions, and pathological doubt. The common symptoms of compulsions (defined as: “repetitive behavior behaviors or mental acts that an individual feels that he or she must perform” (Butcher, Hooley, & Mineka, 2014), include counting, checking, washing, need to ask or confess, need for symmetry or exactness, hoarding, praying, and multiple other compulsions (Goli, Krishtan, & Ellinwood, 1991).

Those affected with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder do not derive pleasure while performing the behaviors or rituals, rather they get a brief relief from the anxiety that the recurrent thoughts cause, and as a result, sometimes report spending in excess of 1 hour a day on the thoughts and rituals, which cause distress and often interfere with daily life (What is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)?). The afflicted individual does, in fact, realize the futility of performing the rituals, yet finds himself compelled to continue performing the behavior without being able to stop. The duration and severity of the symptoms vary on a case by case basis, and manifest themselves in various ways. ...

Find Another Essay On Overview of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Essay

1682 words - 7 pages the path of being OCD free, so that they no longer have to be crippled by such a misunderstood mental disorder. Works Cited Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, and More. (2010, January 3). WebMD. Retrieved March 4, 2014, from http://www.webmd.com/anxiety-panic/tc/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-ocd-topic-overview How Many People Have OCD?. (n.d.). International OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder) Foundation

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Essay

1029 words - 4 pages and sleep. (Kids health)Sarah is one of the 2.3% of Americans with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a diagnosis of patterns of behavior which interfere with the ability to function, characterized by obsession, compulsions, or both. (Corsini) Onset of this disorder usually occurs around late adolescence to early adulthood, though in some cases has appeared in children. Obsessions are characterized as any recurrent

OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER

1093 words - 4 pages Obsessive-Compulsive DisorderImagine living a life where each day you uncontrollably had to wash your hands each time you were to touch a pencil, or had to repeatedly check your house to make sure all of your belongings were in their proper place. Although it sounds crazy, each day about 1 in 50 adults in the United States do live this way. However, it is not their choice. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, normally referred to as OCD, is a mental

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

812 words - 3 pages Obsessive Compulsive DisorderObsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), not to be confused with Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder, is a type of anxiety disorder characterized by intrusive, persistent unwanted thoughts or images-obsessions, and repetitive and excessive behaviors--compulsions (Sasson et al., 2005). Should these behaviors and obsessive thoughts persist, a person suffering from OCD may observe a rapidly deteriorating quality of

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

1712 words - 7 pages -Compulsive Disorder, or OCD. In the past, this man with OCD would have been considered extremely strange, but it is now known that OCD is somewhat common in today’s world. The conditions of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder can be very uncomfortable and unsettling, but there are some ways to treat OCD. Obsessive-compulsive disorder is an anxiety disorder that causes a sufferer to have very uncomfortable obsessions and compulsions. The main anxiety of a

Obsessive Compulsive Eating Disorder

582 words - 2 pages Obsessive Compulsive Disorder One kind of anxiety disorder is obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). This disease can ruin a person's life because it causes them to have repetitive thoughts and behaviors towards certain things. Life can become very difficult because this way of thinking and acting is very difficult to overcome, especially since the obsessions have no point and are stressful for the person. It begins to interfere with the

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

2741 words - 11 pages The human brain is a very powerful piece of structure; it is truly limitless when speaking about its potential. With a functional organ comes a dysfunctional possibility. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, (OCD), for instance, is nervousness in the mind. OCD is an anxiety disorder caused by repetitive intrusive thoughts and behaviors. It is a mental disorder marked by the involvement of a devotion to an idea or routine. Essentially, it is a

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

2123 words - 8 pages On occasion there are individuals, such as Howard Hughes, who are plagued by intrusive thoughts, ritualistic behaviors, or mental acts in which they feel compelled to entertain. Individuals such as this suffer from a psychological disorder known as Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). “According to factor analytic research, OC symptoms have been linked to three main dimensions of dysfunctional beliefs: the over importance of and need to

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

1585 words - 7 pages A woman describes that she has an intense fear of germs. She constantly gets random thoughts about developing an illness or disease by touching things around her. As a result, she washes her hands repeatedly because it reduces the anxiety that she feels about her fear. After a while, her fear comes back and she starts her ritual of washing her hands repeatedly again. This person is most likely affected by OCD. Obsessive compulsive disorder, OCD

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

1425 words - 6 pages tries to prevent the patient from engaging in compulsive behavior and thoughts. In fact, no laboratory test can identify OCD, but a mental health professional who knows the disorder can conduct a specific type of interview to determine whether a person has OCD. Most professionals use the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) to diagnose OCD (Goodman 1989).Many therapists consider cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) as treatment for OCD, alone

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder - 728 words

728 words - 3 pages information, its possible causes, and conclude with the possible treatments that can help one get rid of that neurosis.A person who suffers from obsessive-compulsive disorder will experience obsessions that will differ from an individual to another. These obsessions are recurrent, persistent ideas or thoughts that involuntarily enter one=s consciousness (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders [DSM-III], 1980). As an attempt to ignore

Similar Essays

A Brief Overview Of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

1661 words - 7 pages A brief overview of OCD....... Obsessive compulsive disorder is a form of an anxiety disorder. It is the condition in which someone is flooded with persistent thoughts called obsessions and in order to control those thoughts they engage in repetitive behaviors or mental acts called compulsions. Article 1 summary....... Patient adherence predicts outcome from cognitive behavioral therapy in obsessive compulsive disorder This was an

Treatment Of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Essay

1072 words - 4 pages There are different ways to help treat obsessive-compulsive disorder whether it be by the use of medication or psychotherapy. Neither of these course of treatments is able to completely eliminate all the obsessions, compulsions, or any of the symptoms associated with OCD, but they do help diminish them so that the patient in question can gain control of their social life and workplace behaviors. In order to prescribe a treatment plan for a

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. Essay

1883 words - 8 pages Doubts, worries, superstitious beliefs are usually common in everyday life, but when they come so excessive then a diagnosis of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is made. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is a medical brain disorder that causes problems in information processing. Before medicine, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder was thought to be untreatable. Most people with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder continue to suffer. Today, treatment can help most

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (Ocd) Essay

899 words - 4 pages Why would a person cleanse their hands with scolding hot water, and the rough side of a sponge until their hands become, raw, crack, and bleed in order to feel clean? This same person may check to make sure the kitchen knives are locked away 50 times a day to insure their child is not stabbed with one. This situation is very common in people who have severe Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. Obsessive-compulsive disorder is an anxiety disorder