Overview Of The Republic Of Ireland And Its Business Culture

2748 words - 11 pages

Executive Summary
The Republic of Ireland consists of twenty-six counties and is located on the island of Ireland, along with Northern Ireland. Ireland is a parliamentary democracy, made up of three branches of government: the executive branch, the legislative branch and the judicial branch. The executive branch consists of the President, who is mostly there for ceremonial purposes, the Prime Minister, who is the head of the government, and the Deputy Prime Minister. The legislative branch consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate and the Judicial Branch consists of the Chief Justice and seven other judges.
This paper goes over a brief look into the Republic of Ireland’s history, economy, their culture, and their business culture. In regards to their business culture, it offers advice into how to appropriately conduct business with Irish men and women.

Country Analysis of the Republic of Ireland
History
Located to the west of Great Britain, sits the island of Ireland. The island is about 32,000 sq. mi. and is comprised of the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom (Holwell, 2001, para.2). The Republic of Ireland, which “occupies almost 85% of the total land-mass,” consists of twenty-six counties (Holwell, 2001, para. 2). The whole island, including both the Republic and Northern Ireland, began under the rule of the English as far back as 1171, when the king of England, King Henry II, declared himself king of Ireland (Gall & Hobby, 2009, p. 234). Following the King’s declaration, England eventually controlled most of Ireland. The divide between “the conquering and conquered peoples took on a religious dimension,” during the Protestant Reformation in the sixteenth century (Gall & Hobby, 2009, p. 234). The English, who were Protestant, began to try to suppress the Irish, who were Catholic, and tried to “Eradicate Catholicism from Ireland,” (Gall & Hobby, 2009, p. 235). The Republic of Ireland eventually gained its independence from England in 1922 and joined the European Community (now called the European Union) in 1973 (Gall & Hobby, 2009, p. 234).
Government
The Republic of Ireland is a parliamentary democracy, made up of three branches of government: the executive branch, the legislative branch and the judicial branch. The Chief of State (the President) is elected by the people, by popular vote and largely plays a ceremonial role (“Irish Political System”, n.d., The President of Ireland). The current president is Michael D. Higgins, appointed October 29, 2011. The president serves for a term of seven years and can be elected for only two terms. Nominated by the House of Representatives and appointed by the Chief of State is the head of the government (Prime Minister), the Taoiseach, who is currently Enda Kenny. The Deputy Prime Minister is called the Tánaiste.
The legislative branch is a bicameral parliamentary, called Oireachtas, and consists of two houses of...

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