Overview Of The Second Great Awakening

1330 words - 5 pages

The Second Great Awakening was extremely influential in sparking the idea of reform in the minds of people across America. Most people in America just accepted things the way they were until this time. Reforms took place due to the increase of industrial growth, increasing immigration, and new ways of communication throughout the United States. Charles Grandison Finney was one of the main reasons the Second Great Awakening was such a great success. “Much of the impulse towards reform was rooted in the revivals of the broad religious movement that swept the Untied State after 1790” (Danzer, Klor de Alva, Krieger, Wilson, and Woloch 240). Revivals during the Second Great Awakening awakened the faith of people during the 1790s with emotional preaching from Charles Finney and many other influential preachers, which later helped influence the reforms of the mid-1800s throughout America.
The Second Great Awakening swept through the United States during the end of the 18th Century. Charles Grandson Finney was one of the major reasons the Second Great Awakening was such a success. Finney and his contemporaries rejected the Calvinistic belief that one was predetermined by go God to go to heaven or hell, and rather preached to people that they need to seek salvation from God themselves, which will eventually improve society has a whole. Finney would preach at Revivals, which were emotional religious meetings constructed to awaken the religious faith of people. These meetings were very emotional and lasted upwards of five days. Revivalism had swept through most of the United States by the beginning of the 19th Century. One of the most profound revivals took place in New York. After the great revival in New York Charles Finney was known as “the father of modern revivalism. Revivalism had a major impact on society during the 19th century. Before Revivalism 1 in 15 Americans attended Church, and after 1850 1 in 6 were attending. Revivalisms truly helped awaken the religious faith among Americans in the 19th Century.
After the Second Great Awakening many people were awakened with a sense of reform. The Abolitionist Reform Movement began in the 1820s with more than 100 antislavery societies demanding for the end of slavery in the Southern United States and Africa. Many people within the White Society believed that blacks should not be allowed to exist with them. The Revivals helped awaken the Africans Americans to call for reform. Many African American leaders participated in this reform. One of the most crucial was William Lloyd Garrison, who wrote his own newspaper, the Liberator. Garrisons’ newspaper conveyed an eye-opening message of emancipation, the immediate freeing of slaves in Africa and the South. Most Slaves were from the South since that is where most farms and plantations were located. The North did not have the need for slaves since they had no farmers our plantations. Most African Americans and some Whites agreed with Garrison’s...

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