Overweight Essay

1291 words - 5 pages

ABSTRACTThis thesis was accomplished to gain knowledge whether or not the youths are overweight and if there is a connection to how they eat and exercise.In Dagens Nyheter Malin Byström wrote that 25% of children was overweight at the age of ten and 1998's statistics from the mandatory military service in Sweden show that 17,5% of the applicants were overweight. Studies that were made in USA ("Fetma ökar bland tonåringar", PrimaVi) showed even a higher percentage that was overweight, more than 20% of USA's population was suffering from fatness. All of these figures are very alarmingly high in comparison to what my inquiry showed. It showed a very different result, 22% was underweight.But there was a clear connection between how they ate and exercised; the underweight ate little and exercised often while the overweight ate a lot and exercised little or nothing.QUESTIONINGAre today's youths overweight? If so, are there any connections to how they eat and exercise?HYPOTHESISWhen I look around at grade school I think I clearly can see that younger people have a more substantial risk to become overweight than people born five years earlier had at their age. Because of my observations I'd think that many of today's young are overweight and that it has a connection to how they eat and exercise.FACTSBMIBMI (Body Mass Index) is a measure of your fatness-level. It is used by nutritionists, doctors and others, all over the world. Body Mass Index is probably the most reliable way to find out if you're overweight, underweight or if your weight is right. But someone should never just rely on their BMI. There are of course exceptions where the BMI doesn't reflect the right image of someone's weight, e.g. if a man, or woman, has a large percentage of muscles it would show that he is overweight when he isn't. You should never take methods like this one too serious.To calculate your BMI you take your weight, in kilograms, divided by your length, in meters, squared. A value from 20 up to 25 is your ideal weight, a value below 20 indicate that you're underweight, a value above 25 shows an overweight and if a person has a BMI above 30 he's suffering from fatness.BMI = Weight (kg) / height (m) * height (m)BACKGROUNDSWEDENUnfortunately it seems that both teenagers and the children today are getting fatter. Inquiries in Sweden show just that. In Dagens Nyheter (A 5, April 20th, 2001) Malin Byström tell us about how the children are getting fatter. At the age of four 13% were overweight, at age six 10% weighed too much, and the percentage was as high as 25% at the age of ten. Mrs. Byström thinks that this might be a result of the computer games, TV. She also thinks that parents should educate their children about healthy diets and exercise.Statistics from the mandatory military service, in Sweden, that Dagens Nyheter has looked at (A 5, April 20th, 2001) shows that also eighteen-year-olds had an alarming high percentage that was overweight, as...

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