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Analysis Of The Oxygen Group On The Periodic Table

2223 words - 9 pages

I plan to educate those who read this paper on what they might not know of a few of our elements. I will tell you what I have learned over the oxygen group on the elemental table. I will talk about Oxygen, Sulfur, Selenium, Tellurium, and last but not least Polonium. These elements have changed our way of life and history in ways you might not know. We are surrounded by these elements in our daily life and they make us the way we are. I hope to teach you and answer some questions about these elements in this informant paper.
On the periodic table there are many groups that classified on it. The oxygen group is a very important group for life to exist at all. The oxygen group is the sixteenth group on the periodic table. There are five elements in the Oxygen group and they are: oxygen, sulfur, selenium, tellurium, and polonium. They each follow the octet rule (they want eight electrons in there outer shell). They each only have six in their outer shell, so they will want to get two more by gaining two electrons. They can share the electrons buy having a covalent bond. A covalent bod is when two or more atoms come together to share electrons. Also another name for the Oxygen group is the chalcogens.
Electron configuration
 Oxygen: 1s2 2s2 2p4
 Sulfur: 1s2 2s2p6 3s2p4
 Selenium: 1s2 2s2p6 3s2p6d10 4s2p4
 Tellurium: 1s2 2s2p6 3s2p6d10 4s2p6d10 5s2p4
 Polonium: 1s2 2s2p6 3s2p6d10 4s2p6d14 5s2p6 d10 6s2p4

Oxygen is the first element on the Oxygen group. That is why the name of the group is named the Oxygen group. It has eight electrons total. It has six in its outer electron cloud. According to the octet rule, the oxygen will want to gain two more electrons to fill its outer shell with eight. Oxygen is also one of the most abundant elements in our world. We need it to survive, and it starts many chemical reactions. When oxygen is alone, it usually is in pairs (O2). (“Davis, UCA”) We need it to have any of our life on earth. It combines with two hydrogens to form water (H2O). We breathe it in as O2, but then we release it as carbon dioxide or CO2 for plants to absorb and have nutrients. It changes our world every day.
Oxygen is mostly found as a gas at room temperature. (“Davis, UCA”) When it is cooled into a liquid it turns to a blue, very cold liquid. It does make a lot of reactions with different compounds and elements. Mostly combustions our reactions in which oxygen are used in. Many reactions go off by the moisture in the air or by water. All which come back to oxygen that started it is the fire starter.
For there to be fire or any combustion reactions you must have oxygen. Fire has been around for thousands of years, but oxygen has been here since the beginning. Oxygen has been the “life giver” some people say. It gives us air, fire, water, carbon dioxide, and many other compounds that support our life as we know it. Could you imagine how life would be without oxygen? Well you couldn’t be alive and...

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