Hideki Tojo was described positively by the Nazi press in Germany. He was negatively presented in British newspapers. He was first the chief of staff of Japan’s Kwantung Army who invaded China. Next he became the prime minister of Japan. He met with Emperor Hirohito to talk about peace. Tojo promised to try to keep peace with the Americans, but of course went back on his promise. Evidence of this was the bombing of Pearl Harbor.
Japan had been using secret communication codes to start to prepare for a strike. The United States military worked on breaking the codes to try to find out what the Japanese were going to do to America. They finally broke the codes. The only problem was that they didn’t know where the attack was going to come from. Roosevelt sent out “war-warnings” to the people in November of 1941. The warnings were sent to military commanders in Guam, the Philippines, and Hawaii.
Roosevelt did not want the ...view middle of the document...
Today, this naval base is considered the biggest United States naval base in the Pacific. I saw the bomber planes flying while 180 other Japanese war planes were following them in the sky. The planes found their targets and fired! Radio operators at the scene sent out messages. These messages read: “Air raid on Pearl Harbor. This is not a drill.”
“It goes without saying that when survival is threatened, struggles erupt between peoples, and unfortunate wars between nations result.” (Hideki Tojo)
The planes continued to swarm around in the morning sky for about an hour and a half. The United States tried shooting the planes down with aircraft guns, but of course to no success. The planes showed very little signs of disturbance. The planes kept dropping bombs, hitting target after target, blowing up Pearl Harbor. The planes finally flew away at 9:30 in the morning. The people were devastated and Pearl Harbor was demolished. At least twenty American naval vessels were crushed and 300 airplanes were destroyed. The USS Arizona, USS Oklahoma, USS California, USS West Virginia, USS Utah, USS Maryland, USS Pennsylvania, USS Tennessee, and USS Nevada had sustained significant damage from the bombs that were dropped on them.
“When reflecting upon it today that the Pearl Harbor attack should have succeeded in achieving surprise seems a blessing from Heaven. It was clear that a great American fleet had been concentrated in Pearl Harbor, and we supposed that the state of alert would be very high.” (Hideki Tojo)
I ran to the closest person I saw and asked him what he witnessed. “We had so many casualties. It’s a hard thing to do when people are screaming for aid. . . and you don’t have nobody coming,” he said. “Some who were looking out for their own were also getting killed.” This man’s name is Army Private Francis Stueve. He first heard the shots while eating breakfast with the rest of the 89th Field Artillery battalion who at the time were stationed at Pearl Harbor.
Around 350 people lost their lives that day. President Roosevelt ordered the Navy Army to strike back and he went to meet with Congress. Schools were closed down due to the attack.