Pain: How Does It Work Essay

1093 words - 5 pages

Snipers are highly trained sharpshooters to take out targets from afar and getting shot hurts a lot. Pain and snipers are like first cousins with a love hate relationship. Pain is a thing that everyone feels and it isn't something that people look forward to. Burns, bruises, cut, and broken bones are a few examples out of the many that cause pain to people. Your brain, the control center of your body and it obviously has to receive the pain signal for you to feel it. Pain that can be caused by many different things that aren't pleasant but there has to be a specific part of your brain that can read those signals for you to feel pain.
Pain is described by an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage. Pain, a process in which the receptors in your body pick up a painful stimulus that then take those stimuli and transfer them to the central nervous system which then transfers the signal to the brain ("How Pain Works", 2007). The nervous system which is made up of two parts: The Central Nervous System (CNS) and The Peripheral Nervous System (PNS). Pain isn't taken directly from the pain receptors to the brain; it has to go through the central nervous system. The CNS takes up the spinal cord and the brain. The receptors are connected to the spinal cord which is connected to the brain. To ensure protection of the CNS it has been entirely encased in bone with the brain being in the cranium and the spinal cord being within the vertebrae (Berkeley). The PNS which accounts for all of the nerves in your body except for the ones located in the brain and the spinal cord. The PNS is the real reason why you feel pain because the PNS acts as a communication relay between your brain and extremities (Mayo Clinic, 2013). So the PNS which contains all of your nerves connects to your CNS which is connected to brain and the brain tells your body that was a painful stimuli and should be avoided.
Throughout time research has been done to the brain to find that the pain has found its special way to relay messages to the brain. There is a part of the brain called the parieto-insular cortex which is has been found as crucial for processing pain to the brain. If a painful stimuli is applied to the person the parieto-insular cortex was seen to light up when there test being done. Something else in the brain also lit up when a painful stimuli was applied and it is called the anterior cingulate when what makes us react negatively when we are submitted to pain (Mapping pain).
Throughout the world there are people who have immunity to pain and it is a disease called Congenital Insensitivity to Pain with Anhidrosis or CIPA. A superpower it may seem but it dangerous. CIPA is a rare disease and it detrimental because the people that have CIPA don't live past 25 so it difficult to study to try and fix. CIPA is hereditary disorder that can only be passed on if both copies of the gene have the CIPA mutation. With this inability...

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